Cramped



[krampt] /kræmpt/

adjective
1.
affected with a in a muscle or muscles.
[krampt] /kræmpt/
adjective
1.
confined or severely limited in space:
cramped closets.
2.

[kramp] /kræmp/
noun
1.
Often, cramps.

2.
.
verb (used with object)
3.
to affect with or as if with a cramp.
[kramp] /kræmp/
noun
1.
.
2.
a portable frame or tool with a movable part that can be screwed up to hold things together; clamp.
3.
anything that confines or restrains.
4.
a cramped state or part.
verb (used with object)
5.
to fasten or hold with a cramp.
6.
to confine narrowly; restrict; restrain; hamper.
7.
to turn (the front wheels of a motor vehicle) by means of the steering gear; steer.
adjective
8.
2 .
Idioms
9.
cramp one’s style, Informal. to prevent one from showing one’s best abilities.
/kræmpt/
adjective
1.
closed in; restricted
2.
(esp of handwriting) small and irregular; difficult to read
/kræmp/
noun
1.
a painful involuntary contraction of a muscle, typically caused by overexertion, heat, or chill
2.
temporary partial paralysis of a muscle group: writer’s cramp
3.
(usually pl in the US and Canada) severe abdominal pain
verb
4.
(transitive) to affect with or as if with a cramp
/kræmp/
noun
1.
Also called cramp iron. a strip of metal with its ends bent at right angles, used to bind masonry
2.
a device for holding pieces of wood while they are glued; clamp
3.
something that confines or restricts
4.
a confined state or position
verb (transitive)
5.
to secure or hold with a cramp
6.
to confine, hamper, or restrict
7.
(informal) cramp someone’s style, to prevent a person from using his abilities or acting freely and confidently
n.

“muscle contraction,” late 14c., from Old French crampe, from a Frankish or other Germanic word (cf. Old High German krapmhe “cramp, spasm,” related to kramph “bent, crooked”), from a Proto-Germanic root forming many words for “bent, crooked,” including, via French, crampon. Writer’s cramp is first attested 1842 as the name of a physical affliction of the hand, in reference to translations of German medical papers (Stromeyer); also known as scrivener’s palsy.

“metal bar bent at both ends,” early 15c., from Middle Dutch crampe or Middle Low German krampe, both from the same Proto-Germanic root that yielded cramp (n.1). Metaphoric sense of “something that confines or hinders” first recorded 1719.
v.

“to contract” (of muscles), early 15c., from cramp (n.1). Related: Cramped; cramping.

c.1400, “to bend or twist,” from cramp (n.2). Later “compress forcibly” (1550s), and, figuratively, “to restrict” (1620s). Related: Cramped; cramping.

cramp (krāmp)
n.

v. cramped, cramp·ing, cramps
To affect with or experience a cramp or cramps.

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