Duma



[doo-muh] /ˈdu mə/

noun
1.
(in Russia prior to 1917) a council or official assembly.
2.
(initial capital letter) an elective legislative assembly, established in 1905 by Nicholas II, constituting the lower house of parliament.
/ˈduːmə/
noun (Russian history)
1.
(usually capital) the elective legislative assembly established by Tsar Nicholas II in 1905: overthrown by the Bolsheviks in 1917
2.
(before 1917) any official assembly or council
3.
short for State Duma, the lower chamber of the Russian parliament
n.

Russian national assembly, 1870 (in reference to city councils; the national one was set up in 1905), literally “thought,” from a Germanic source (cf. Gothic doms “judgment,” English doom, deem).

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