Englishness



[ing-glish or, often, -lish] /ˈɪŋ glɪʃ or, often, -lɪʃ/

adjective
1.
of, relating to, or characteristic of or its inhabitants, institutions, etc.
2.
belonging or relating to, or spoken or written in, the English language: a high-school English class;
an English translation of a Spanish novel.
noun
3.
the people of England collectively, especially as distinguished from the Scots, Welsh, and Irish.
4.
the Germanic language of the British Isles, widespread and standard also in the U.S. and most of the British Commonwealth, historically termed Old English (c450–c1150), Middle English (c1150–c1475), and Modern English (after c1475).
Abbreviation: E.
5.
English language, composition, and literature as offered as a course of study in school.
6.
a specific variety of this language, as that of a particular time, place, or person:
American English; Shakespearean English.
7.
simple, straightforward language:
What does all that jargon mean in English?
8.
Sports. (sometimes lowercase)

9.
Printing. a 14-point type of a size between pica and Columbian.
10.
a grade of calendered paper having a smooth matte finish.
verb (used with object)
11.
to translate into English:
to English Euripides.
12.
to adopt (a foreign word) into English; Anglicize.
13.
(sometimes lowercase) Sports. to impart English to (a ball).
/ˈɪŋɡlɪʃ/
noun
1.
the official language of Britain, the US, most parts of the Commonwealth, and certain other countries. It is the native language of over 280 million people and is acquired as a second language by many more. It is an Indo-European language belonging to the West Germanic branch See also Middle English, Old English, Modern English
2.
(functioning as pl) the English, the natives or inhabitants of England collectively
3.
(formerly) a size of printer’s type approximately equal to 14 point
4.
an old style of black-letter typeface
5.
(often not capital) the usual US and Canadian term for side (sense 16)
adjective
6.
denoting, using, or relating to the English language
7.
relating to or characteristic of England or the English
verb (transitive)
8.
(archaic) to translate or adapt into English related prefix Anglo-
n.

“people of England; the speech of England,” Old English Englisc (contrasted to Denisc, Frencisce, etc.), from Engle (plural) “the Angles,” the name of one of the Germanic groups that overran the island 5c., supposedly so-called because Angul, the land they inhabited on the Jutland coast, was shaped like a fish hook (see angle (n.)).

The term was used from earliest times without distinction for all the Germanic invaders — Angles, Saxon, Jutes (Bede’s gens Anglorum) — and applied to their group of related languages by Alfred the Great. After 1066, of the population of England (as distinguished from Normans and French), a distinction which lasted only about a generation.

In pronunciation, “En-” has become “In-,” but the older spelling has remained. Meaning “English language or literature as a subject at school” is from 1889. As an adjective, “of or belonging to England,” from late 13c. Old English is from early 13c.

“spin imparted to a ball” (as in billiards), 1860, from French anglé “angled” (see angle (n.)), which is similar to Anglais “English.”

noun

An area now peaceful but recently and perhaps soon again the scene of violence: They had long since passed Ninety-sixth Street, the infamous DMZ/ Traversing Brooklyn’s DMZ to go to a steak house

[1980s+; fr the region between North and South Korea designated the Demilitarized Zone when the Korean War ended]

noun

An English muffin (1950s+ Lunch counter)
see:

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