[ep-i-dem-ik] /ˌɛp ɪˈdɛm ɪk/
Also, epidemical. (of a disease) affecting many persons at the same time, and spreading from person to person in a locality where the disease is not permanently prevalent.
extremely prevalent; widespread.
a temporary prevalence of a disease.
a rapid spread or increase in the occurrence of something:
an epidemic of riots.
(esp of a disease) attacking or affecting many persons simultaneously in a community or area
a widespread occurrence of a disease: an influenza epidemic
a rapid development, spread, or growth of something, esp something unpleasant: an epidemic of strikes
c.1600, from French épidémique, from épidemié “an epidemic disease,” from Medieval Latin epidemia, from Greek epidemia “prevalence of an epidemic disease” (especially the plague), from epi “among, upon” (see epi-) + demos “people, district” (see demotic).
1757, from epidemic (adj.); earlier epideme (see epidemy). An Old English noun for this (persisting in Middle English) was man-cwealm.
epidemic ep·i·dem·ic (ěp’ĭ-děm’ĭk) or ep·i·dem·i·cal (-ĭ-kəl)
Spreading rapidly and extensively by infection and affecting many individuals in an area or a population at the same time, as of a disease or illness. n.
An outbreak or unusually high occurrence of a disease or illness in a population or area.
An outbreak of a disease or illness that spreads rapidly among individuals in an area or population at the same time. See also endemic, pandemic.
A contagious disease that spreads rapidly and widely among the population in an area. Immunization and quarantine are two of the methods used to control an epidemic.
noun, Pathology. 1. (def 2). noun, Pathology. 1. Also called African sleeping sickness, African trypanosomiasis. a generally fatal disease, common in parts of Africa, characterized by fever, wasting, and progressive lethargy: caused by a parasitic protozoan, Trypanosoma gambiense or T. rhodesiense, that is carried by a tsetse fly, Glossina palpalis. 2. Also called epidemic encephalitis, […]
- Epidemic gastroenteritis virus
epidemic gastroenteritis virus n. A virus that is the causative agent of epidemic nonbacterial gastroenteritis but whose taxonomic classification remains undetermined. Also called gastroenteritis virus type A.
- Epidemic hemoglobinuria
epidemic hemoglobinuria n. The presence of hemoglobin or of pigments derived from it in the urine of infants, characterized by cyanosis and jaundice.
- Epidemic hemorrhagic fever
epidemic hemorrhagic fever n. An acute viral hemorrhagic fever characterized by headache, high fever, sweating, thirst, photophobia, coryza, cough, myalgia, arthralgia, and abdominal pain with nausea and vomiting. This phase lasts from three to six days and is followed by capillary hemorrhages, edema, oliguria, and shock. Also called Far Eastern hemorrhagic fever, hemorrhagic fever with […]