[ih-skahrp-muh nt] /ɪˈskɑrp mənt/

Geology. a long, precipitous, clifflike ridge of land, rock, or the like, commonly formed by faulting or fracturing of the earth’s crust.
Compare (def 1).
ground cut into an around a fortification or defensive position.

a steep artificial slope immediately in front of the rampart of a fortified place

1802, from French escarpment, from escarper “make into a steep slope,” from escarpe “slope,” from Italian scarpa (see scarp). Earlier in same sense was escarp.
A steep slope or long cliff formed by erosion or by vertical movement of the Earth’s crust along a fault. Escarpments separate two relatively level areas of land. The term is often used interchangeably with scarp but is more accurately associated with cliffs produced by erosional processes rather than those produced by faulting.


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