Euclid



[yoo-klid] /ˈyu klɪd/

noun
1.
flourished c300 b.c, Greek geometrician and educator at Alexandria.
2.
a city in NE Ohio, near Cleveland.
/ˈjuːklɪd/
noun
1.
3rd century bc, Greek mathematician of Alexandria; author of Elements, which sets out the principles of geometry and remained a text until the 19th century at least
2.
the works of Euclid, esp his system of geometry
Euclid
(y’klĭd)
Greek mathematician whose book, Elements, was used continuously until the 19th century. In it he organized and systematized all that was known about geometry. Euclid’s systematic use of deductions and axioms was widely regarded as a model working method and influenced mathematicians and scientists for over two thousand years.
Euclid [(yooh-klid)]

An ancient Greek mathematician; the founder of the study of geometry. Euclid’s Elements is the basis for modern school textbooks in geometry. One of the basic statements, or postulates, of Euclid’s geometry is that if a line and a point separate from it are given, only one line parallel to the first line can pass through the point.

Note: Albert Einstein used other approaches to geometry to derive the theory of relativity. These “non-Euclidean geometries” deny Euclid’s postulate about parallel lines.

language
(Named after the Greek geometer, fl ca 300 BC.) A Pascal descendant for development of verifiable system software. No goto, no side effects, no global assignments, no functional arguments, no nested procedures, no floats, no enumeration types. Pointers are treated as indices of special arrays called collections. To prevent aliasing, Euclid forbids any overlap in the list of actual parameters of a procedure. Each procedure gives an imports list, and the compiler determines the identifiers that are implicitly imported. Iterators.
Ottawa Euclid is a variant.
[“Report on the Programming Language Euclid”, B.W. Lampson et al, SIGPLAN Notices 12(2):1-79, Feb 1977].
(1998-11-23)

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  • Euclidean

    [yoo-klid-ee-uh n] /yuˈklɪd i ən/ adjective 1. of or relating to Euclid, or adopting his postulates. adj. 1650s, “of or pertaining to Euclid,” from Greek Eukleides, c.300 B.C.E. geometer of Alexandria. Now often used in contrast to alternative models based on rejection of some of his axioms. His name in Greek means “renowned,” from eu […]

  • Euclidean-algorithm

    noun, Algebra. 1. a method based on the division algorithm for finding the greatest common divisor of two given integers.



  • Euclidean-geometry

    noun 1. geometry based upon the postulates of Euclid, especially the postulate that only one line may be drawn through a given point parallel to a given line.

  • Euclidean-group

    noun, Mathematics. 1. the set of rigid motions that are also affine transformations.



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