[eks-foh-lee-eyt] /ɛksˈfoʊ liˌeɪt/
verb (used with object), exfoliated, exfoliating.
to throw off in scales, splinters, etc.
to remove the surface of (a bone, the skin, etc.) in scales or laminae.
verb (used without object), exfoliated, exfoliating.
to throw off scales or flakes; peel off in thin fragments:
The bark of some trees exfoliates.
Medicine/Medical. to separate and come off in scales, as scaling skin or any structure separating in flakes.
(transitive) to wash (a part of the body) with a granular cosmetic preparation in order to remove dead cells from the skin’s surface
(of bark, skin, etc) to peel off in (layers, flakes, or scales)
(intransitive) (of rocks or minerals) to shed the thin outermost layer because of weathering or heating
(of some minerals, esp mica) to split or cause to split into thin flakes: a factory to exfoliate vermiculite
1610s, from Late Latin exfoliatus, past participle of exfoliare “to strip of leaves,” from ex- “off” (see ex-) + folium “leaf” (see folio). Related: Exfoliated; exfoliating.
exfoliative ex·fo·li·a·tive (ěks-fō’lē-ā’tĭv)
Marked by exfoliation, desquamation, or profuse scaling.
- Exfoliative cytology
noun See cytopathology exfoliative cytology n. The microscopic examination of cells that have been shed from a lesion or have been recovered from a tissue for the diagnosis of disease. Also called cytopathology.
- Exfoliative dermatitis
exfoliative dermatitis n. Widespread dermatitis characterized by scaling and shedding of the skin and usually accompanied by redness. Also called pityriasis rubra, Wilson’s disease.
- Exfoliative gastritis
exfoliative gastritis n. Gastritis with excessive shedding of mucosal epithelial cells.
[eks grey-shee-uh] /ɛks ˈgreɪ ʃi ə/ adjective, adverb 1. as a favor rather than as a matter of right: ex gratia payments made to nonstriking workers. /ˈɡreɪʃə/ adjective 1. given as a favour or gratuitously where no legal obligation exists: an ex gratia payment