Fertilization



[fur-tl-uh-zey-shuh n] /ˌfɜr tl əˈzeɪ ʃən/

noun
1.
an act, process, or instance of fertilizing.
2.
the state of being fertilized.
3.
Biology.

4.
the enrichment of soil, as for the production of crops.
/ˌfɜːtɪlaɪˈzeɪʃən/
noun
1.
the union of male and female gametes, during sexual reproduction, to form a zygote
2.
the act or process of fertilizing
3.
the state of being fertilized
n.

1857, noun of action from fertilize.

fertilization fer·til·i·za·tion (fûr’tl-ĭ-zā’shən)
n.
The union of male and female gametes to form a zygote, a process that begins with the penetration of the secondary oocyte by the spermatozoon and is completed with the fusion of the male and female pronuclei.
fertilization
(fûr’tl-ĭ-zā’shən)

fertilize verb

The joining of sex cells to form a new living thing. In humans, a male sperm joins a female ovum, or egg; the resulting zygote divides into a multicelled structure that implants in the womb and grows into an embryo. In plants, pollen grains, containing the male sex cells, enter the female sex cells in the pistil; from this union, fruit eventually grows. When fertilization occurs within a single flower, we call it self-fertilization. (See cross-fertilization.)

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