Fifth



[fifth or, often, fith] /fɪfθ or, often, fɪθ/

adjective
1.
next after the fourth; being the ordinal number for five.
2.
being one of five equal parts.
3.
Automotive. of, relating to, or operating at the gear transmission ratio at which the drive shaft speed is greater than that of fourth gear for a given engine crankshaft speed:
fifth gear.
adverb
4.
in the fifth place; fifthly.
noun
5.
a fifth part, especially of one (1/5).
6.
the fifth member of a series.
7.
a fifth part of a gallon of liquor or spirits; 4/5 (0.8) of a quart (about 750 milliliters).
8.
Automotive. fifth gear.
9.
Music.

Idioms
10.
take the Fifth, Informal. to decline on the basis of the Fifth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution to answer a question when testifying.
/fɪfθ/
adjective (usually prenominal)
1.

noun
2.

3.
the fraction equal to one divided by five (1/5)
4.
(music)

5.
an additional high gear fitted to some motor vehicles
adverb
6.
Also fifthly. after the fourth person, position, event, etc
sentence connector
7.
Also fifthly. as the fifth point: linking what follows with the previous statements, as in a speech or argument
adj.

c.1200, fift, from Old English fifta, from fif “five” (see five) + -ta (see -th (1)). Altered 14c. by influence of fourth. Cf. Old Frisian fifta, Old Saxon fifto, Old Norse fimmti, Dutch vijfde, Old High German fimfto, German fünfte, Gothic fimfta.

Noun meaning “fifth part of a gallon of liquor” is first recorded 1938, American English. Fifth Avenue (in New York City) has been used figuratively for “elegance, taste” since at least 1858. Fifth wheel “superfluous person or thing” first attested 1902. Fifth-monarchy-man, 17c. for “anrachist zealot,” is a reference to Dan. ii:44.

fifth (fĭfth)
adj.

fifth n.

An enhanced version of FORTH. M.S. Dissertation, Cliff Click cliff@cs.rice.edu, Texas A&M, 1985. Available from the Software Construction Co, (409)696-5432.

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