a folder, cabinet, or other container in which papers, letters, etc., are arranged in convenient order for storage or reference.
a collection of papers, records, etc., arranged in convenient order:
to make a file for a new account.
Computers. a collection of related data or program records stored on some input/output or auxiliary storage medium:
This program’s main purpose is to update the customer master file.
a line of persons or things arranged one behind another (distinguished from 1 (def 10.)).
one of the vertical lines of squares on a chessboard.
a list or roll.
a string or wire on which papers are strung for preservation and reference.
verb (used with object), filed, filing.
to place in a file.
to arrange (papers, records, etc.) in convenient order for storage or reference.
verb (used without object), filed, filing.
to march in a file or line, one after another, as soldiers:
The parade filed past endlessly.
to make application:
to file for a civil-service job.
on file, arranged in order for convenient reference; in a file:
The names are on file in the office.
a long, narrow tool of steel or other metal having a series of ridges or points on its surfaces for reducing or smoothing surfaces of metal, wood, etc.
a small, similar tool for trimming and cleaning fingernails; .
British Slang. a cunning, shrewd, or artful person.
verb (used with object), filed, filing.
to reduce, smooth, or remove with or as if with a file.
a folder, box, etc, used to keep documents or other items in order
the documents, etc, kept in this way
documents or information about a specific subject, person, etc: we have a file on every known thief
an orderly line or row
a line of people in marching formation, one behind another Compare rank1 (sense 6)
any of the eight vertical rows of squares on a chessboard
(computing) a named collection of information, in the form of text, programs, graphics, etc, held on a permanent storage device such as a magnetic disk
(obsolete) a list or catalogue
(Canadian) a group of problems or responsibilities, esp in government, associated with a particular topic: the environment file
on file, recorded or catalogued for reference, as in a file
to place (a document, letter, etc) in a file
(transitive) to put on record, esp to place (a legal document) on public or official record; register
(transitive) to bring (a suit, esp a divorce suit) in a court of law
(transitive) to submit (copy) to a newspaper or news agency
(intransitive) to march or walk in a file or files: the ants filed down the hill
a hand tool consisting essentially of a steel blade with small cutting teeth on some or all of its faces. It is used for shaping or smoothing metal, wood, etc
(rare, Brit, slang) a cunning or deceitful person
(transitive) to shape or smooth (a surface) with a file
(transitive) (obsolete) to pollute or defile
“to place (papers) in consecutive order for future reference,” mid-15c., from Middle French filer “string documents on a wire for preservation or reference,” from fil “thread, string” (12c.), from Latin filum “a thread, string,” from PIE *gwhis-lom (cf. Armenian jil “sinew, string, line,” Lithuanian gysla “vein, sinew,” Old Church Slavonic zila “vein”), from root *gwhi- “thread, tendon.” The notion is of documents hung up on a line.
File (filacium) is a threed or wyer, whereon writs, or other exhibits in courts, are fastened for the better keeping of them. [Cowel, “The Interpreter,” 1607]
Methods have become more sophisticated, but the word has stuck. Related: Filed; filing.
1520s, “string or wire on which documents are strung,” from French file “row,” from Middle French filer (see file (v.)). The meaning “arranged collection of papers” is from 1620s; computer sense is from 1954. The military sense “line or row of men” (1590s) is from the French verb in the sense of “spin out (thread); march in file.”
metal tool, Old English feol (Mercian fil), from Proto-Germanic *finkhlo (cf. Old Saxon and Old High German fila, Middle Dutch vile, Dutch vijl, German Feile), probably from PIE *peig- “to cut, mark by incision” (see paint (v.)). The verb in this sense is from early 13c., from Old English filian. Related: Filed; filing.
A collection of related data or program records stored as a unit with a single name. Files are the basic units that a computer works with in storing and retrieving data.
[first sense perhaps fr the tool; perhaps related to French filou, ”pickpocket”]
- File request
1. The FidoNet equivalent of FTP, in which one BBS system automatically dials another and snarfs one or more files. Often abbreviated “FReq”; files are often announced as being “available for FReq” in the same way that files are announced as being “available for/by anonymous FTP” on the Internet. 2. The act of getting a […]
- File separator
character (FS) ASCII character 28. (1996-06-28)
noun 1. a computer that makes files available to workstations on a network. noun 1. (computing) the central unit of a local area network that controls its operation and provides access to separately stored data files
- File service protocol
protocol (FSP) A protocol, similar to FTP, for copying files between computers. It’s designed for anonymous archives, and has protection against server and network overloading. It doesn’t use connections so it can survive interruptions in service. Until 1993-08-12, FSP didn’t stand for anything. Wen-King was responsible for the initials and Michael Grubb firstname.lastname@example.org for their […]