Fungi



[fuhn-jahy, fuhng-gahy] /ˈfʌn dʒaɪ, ˈfʌŋ gaɪ/

noun
1.
a plural of .
[fuhn-jahy, fuhng-gahy] /ˈfʌn dʒaɪ, ˈfʌŋ gaɪ/
noun, (used with a plural verb) Biology.
1.
a taxonomic kingdom, or in some classification schemes a division of the kingdom Plantae, comprising all the groups and sometimes also the slime molds.
[fuhng-guh s] /ˈfʌŋ gəs/
noun, plural fungi
[fuhn-jahy, fuhng-gahy] /ˈfʌn dʒaɪ, ˈfʌŋ gaɪ/ (Show IPA), funguses.
1.
any of a diverse group of eukaryotic single-celled or multinucleate organisms that live by decomposing and absorbing the organic material in which they grow, comprising the mushrooms, molds, mildews, smuts, rusts, and yeasts, and classified in the kingdom or, in some classification systems, in the division (Thallophyta) of the kingdom Plantae.
2.
Pathology. a spongy, abnormal growth, as granulation tissue formed in a wound.
adjective
3.
.
1.
a combining form representing fungus, in compound words:
fungicide.
/ˈfʌŋɡaɪ; ˈfʌndʒaɪ; ˈfʌndʒɪ/
noun
1.
a plural of fungus
combining form
1.
fungus: fungicide, fungoid
/ˈfʌŋɡəs/
noun (pl) fungi (ˈfʌŋɡaɪ; ˈfʌndʒaɪ; ˈfʌndʒɪ), funguses
1.
any member of a kingdom of organisms (Fungi) that lack chlorophyll, leaves, true stems, and roots, reproduce by spores, and live as saprotrophs or parasites. The group includes moulds, mildews, rusts, yeasts, and mushrooms
2.
something resembling a fungus, esp in suddenly growing and spreading rapidly
3.
(pathol) any soft tumorous growth
n.

Latin plural of fungus.
n.

1520s, from Latin fungus “a mushroom,” in English as a learned alternative to mushroom. (Funge was used in this sense late 14c.) The Latin word is believed to be cognate with (or derived from) Greek sphongos, the Attic form of spongos “sponge” (see sponge).

Fungi Fun·gi (fŭn’jī, fŭng’gī)
n.
A kingdom of plantlike sporeforming organisms that grow in irregular masses without roots, stems, leaves, or photosynthetic.

fungus fun·gus (fŭng’gəs)
n. pl. fun·gus·es or fun·gi (fŭn’jī, fŭng’gī)
Any of numerous eukaryotic organisms of the kingdom Fungi, which lack chlorophyll and vascular tissue and range in form from a single cell to a body mass of branched filamentous hyphae that often produce specialized fruiting bodies.
fungus
(fŭng’gəs)
Plural fungi (fŭn’jī, fŭng’gī)
Any of a wide variety of organisms that reproduce by spores, including the mushrooms, molds, yeasts, and mildews. The spores of most fungi grow a network of slender tubes called hyphae that spread into and feed off of dead organic matter or living organisms. Fungi absorb food by excreting enzymes that break down complex substances into molecules that can be absorbed into the hyphae. The hyphae also produce reproductive structures, such as mushrooms and other growths. Some fungi (called perfect fungi) can reproduce by both sexually produced spores and asexual spores; other fungi (called imperfect fungi or deuteromycetes) are thought to have lost their sexual stage and can only reproduce by asexual spores. Fungi can live in a wide variety of environments, and fungal spores can survive extreme temperatures. Fungi exist in over 100,000 species, nearly all of which live on land. They can be extremely destructive, feeding on almost any kind of material and causing food spoilage and many plant diseases. Although fungi were once grouped with plants, they are now considered a separate kingdom in taxonomy. See Table at taxonomy.

fungal adjective
fungi [(fun-jeye, fung-geye)]

sing. fungus

Plantlike organisms lacking chlorophyll, such as mushrooms, molds, yeasts, and mildews. Modern biologists tend to place fungi in their own kingdom, not in the plant kingdom, because they get their nutrients from other living things (or from the remains of living things that have died) rather than from photosynthesis. (See under “Medicine and Health.”)

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