Furlough



[fur-loh] /ˈfɜr loʊ/

noun
1.
Military. a vacation or leave of absence granted to an enlisted person.
2.
a usually temporary layoff from work:
Many plant workers have been forced to go on furlough.
3.
a temporary leave of absence authorized for a prisoner from a penitentiary.
verb (used with object)
4.
to grant a furlough to.
5.
to lay (an employee or worker) off from work, usually temporarily.
/ˈfɜːləʊ/
noun
1.
leave of absence from military duty
2.
(US) a temporary laying-off of employees, usually because there is insufficient work to occupy them
verb (transitive)
3.
to grant a furlough to
4.
(US) to lay off (staff) temporarily
n.

1620s, vorloffe, from Dutch verlof, literally “permission,” from Middle Dutch ver- “completely, for” + laf, lof “permission,” which is related to the second element in believe and to leave (n.).

The -gh spelling developed by 1770s and represents an “f” that was once pronounced at the end of the word but disappeared fairly soon thereafter in English.
v.

1783, from furlough (n.). Related: Furloughed; furloughing.

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