[gey-nis] /ˈgeɪ nɪs/
Older Use. the state or quality of being bright or showy:
the gayness of the décor.
Older Use. the state or quality of being merry or lively:
her gayness of spirit.
John. 1685–1732, English poet and dramatist; author of The Beggar’s Opera (1728)
late 14c., “full of joy, merry; light-hearted, carefree;” also “wanton, lewd, lascivious” (late 12c. as a surname, Philippus de Gay), from Old French gai “joyful, happy; pleasant, agreeably charming; forward, pert” (12c.; cf. Old Spanish gayo, Portuguese gaio, Italian gajo, probably French loan-words). Ultimate origin disputed; perhaps from Frankish *gahi (cf. Old High German wahi “pretty”), though not all etymologists accept this. Meaning “stately and beautiful; splendid and showily dressed” is from early 14c. The word gay by the 1890s had an overall tinge of promiscuity — a gay house was a brothel. The suggestion of immorality in the word can be traced back at least to the 1630s, if not to Chaucer:
But in oure bed he was so fressh and gay
Whan that he wolde han my bele chose.
Slang meaning “homosexual” (adj.) begins to appear in psychological writing late 1940s, evidently picked up from gay slang and not always easily distinguished from the older sense:
After discharge A.Z. lived for some time at home. He was not happy at the farm and went to a Western city where he associated with a homosexual crowd, being “gay,” and wearing female clothes and makeup. He always wished others would make advances to him. [“Rorschach Research Exchange and Journal of Projective Techniques,” 1947, p.240]
The association with (male) homosexuality likely got a boost from the term gay cat, used as far back as 1893 in American English for “young hobo,” one who is new on the road, also one who sometimes does jobs.
“A Gay Cat,” said he, “is a loafing laborer, who works maybe a week, gets his wages and vagabonds about hunting for another ‘pick and shovel’ job. Do you want to know where they got their monica (nickname) ‘Gay Cat’? See, Kid, cats sneak about and scratch immediately after chumming with you and then get gay (fresh). That’s why we call them ‘Gay Cats’.” [Leon Ray Livingston (“America’s Most Celebrated Tramp”), “Life and Adventures of A-no. 1,” 1910]
Quoting a tramp named Frenchy, who might not have known the origin. Gay cats were severely and cruelly abused by “real” tramps and bums, who considered them “an inferior order of beings who begs of and otherwise preys upon the bum — as it were a jackal following up the king of beasts” [Prof. John J. McCook, “Tramps,” in “The Public Treatment of Pauperism,” 1893], but some accounts report certain older tramps would dominate a gay cat and employ him as a sort of slave. In “Sociology and Social Research” (1932-33) a paragraph on the “gay cat” phenomenon notes, “Homosexual practices are more common than rare in this group,” and gey cat “homosexual boy” is attested in N. Erskine’s 1933 dictionary of “Underworld & Prison Slang” (gey is a Scottish variant of gay).
The “Dictionary of American Slang” reports that gay (adj.) was used by homosexuals, among themselves, in this sense since at least 1920. Rawson [“Wicked Words”] notes a male prostitute using gay in reference to male homosexuals (but also to female prostitutes) in London’s notorious Cleveland Street Scandal of 1889. Ayto [“20th Century Words”] calls attention to the ambiguous use of the word in the 1868 song “The Gay Young Clerk in the Dry Goods Store,” by U.S. female impersonator Will S. Hays, but the word evidently was not popularly felt in this sense by wider society until the 1950s at the earliest.
“Gay” (or “gai”) is now widely used in French, Dutch, Danish, Japanese, Swedish, and Catalan with the same sense as the English. It is coming into use in Germany and among the English-speaking upper classes of many cosmopolitan areas in other countries. [John Boswell, “Christianity, Social Tolerance, and Homosexuality,” 1980]
Gay as a noun meaning “a (usually male) homosexual” is attested from 1971; in Middle English it meant “excellent person, noble lady, gallant knight,” also “something gay or bright; an ornament or badge” (c.1400). As a slang word meaning “bad, inferior, undesirable,” from 2000.
Relating to a homosexual or the lifestyle thereof. n.
A homosexual, especially male.
Descriptive term for homosexuals.
A male homosexual or a lesbian •Widely used by heterosexuals in preference to pejorative terms: a hideaway for live-together couples and middle-aged gays (1920s+ Homosexuals)
[perhaps by extension fr earlier British gay, ”leading a whore’s life”]
plural noun 1. the 1890s in the United States, a period regarded nostalgically as a decade of prosperous comfort and associated with gaslights, early bicycles and cars, and the Gibson girl.
adjective Homosexual; gay: There have to be some fulfilling alternatives to the gayola fun fair noun Bribery, blackmail, and extortion paid by homosexuals and homosexual businesses, esp to police: for blackmail and for shakedowns by real or phony cops, a practice known as ”gayola”/ Homosexual bars pay ”gayola” to crime syndicates and to law enforcement […]
[gah-yoh-mahrt] /gɑˈyoʊ mɑrt/ noun, Zoroastrianism. 1. the first Aryan and the sixth creation of Ahura Mazda. /ɡɑːˈjəʊmɑːt/ noun 1. (Zoroastrianism) the first man, whose seed was buried in the earth for 40 years and then produced the first human couple
noun 1. the organized political influence exerted by homosexuals as a group, especially to ensure equal rights in employment, housing, etc.