[gley-sher] /ˈgleɪ ʃər/
an extended mass of ice formed from snow falling and accumulating over the years and moving very slowly, either descending from high mountains, as in valley glaciers, or moving outward from centers of accumulation, as in continental glaciers.
a slowly moving mass of ice originating from an accumulation of snow. It can either spread out from a central mass (continental glacier) or descend from a high valley (alpine glacier)
1744, from French glacier, from Savoy dialect glacière “moving mass of ice,” from Old French glace “ice,” from Vulgar Latin glacia (cf. Old Provençal glassa, Italian ghiaccia), from Latin glacies (see glacial).
A large mass of ice moving very slowly through a valley or spreading outward from a center. Glaciers form over many years from packed snow in areas where snow accumulates faster than it melts. A glacier is always moving, but when its forward edge melts faster than the ice behind it advances, the glacier as a whole shrinks backward.
A large mass of ice formed over many years that does not melt during the summer. Glaciers move slowly over an area of land such as a mountain valley.
Note: Glaciers exist in high mountains throughout the temperate zones and cover most of Antarctica. Glaciers recede during warm periods and can expand during cold periods, creating ice ages.
Note: A significant percentage of the water of the Earth is locked up in glaciers.
noun 1. a national park in SE Alaska, made up of large tidewater glaciers. 4381 sq. mi. (11,347 sq. km).
- Glacier cream
noun 1. (mountaineering) a barrier cream, esp against ultraviolet radiation, used when climbing above the snow line
noun 1. a dogtooth violet, Erythronium grandiflorum, of the lily family, native to western North America, having bright yellow flowers.
- Glacier milk
noun 1. water flowing in a stream from the snout of a glacier and containing particles of rock