[glahy-kuh-sahyd] /ˈglaɪ kəˌsaɪd/

noun, Biochemistry.
any of the class of compounds that yield a sugar and an aglycon upon hydrolysis.
any of a group of substances, such as digitoxin, derived from monosaccharides by replacing the hydroxyl group by another group. Many are important medicinal drugs See also glucoside

glycoside gly·co·side (glī’kə-sīd’)
Any of a group of organic compounds, occurring abundantly in plants, that yield a sugar and one or more nonsugar substances on hydrolysis.
gly’co·sid’ic (-sĭd’ĭk) adj.
Any of various organic compounds formed from a simple sugar (monosaccharide) by replacing the hydrogen atom of one of its hydroxyl groups (OH) with the bond to another biologically active molecule. Glycosides occur abundantly in plants, especially as pigments, and are used in medicines, dyes, and cleansing agents.


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  • Glycostatic

    glycostatic gly·co·stat·ic (glī’kə-stāt’ĭk) adj. Promoting or maintaining a steady supply of glycogen in muscle, liver, and other tissues.

  • Glycosuria

    [glahy-kohs-yoo-ree-uh] /ˌglaɪ koʊs yʊˈri ə/ noun, Pathology. 1. excretion of glucose in the urine, as in diabetes. /ˌɡlaɪkəʊˈsjʊərɪə/ noun 1. the presence of excess sugar in the urine, as in diabetes glycosuria gly·co·su·ri·a (glī’kə-sur’ē-ə, -shur’-) n. gly’co·su’ric adj.

  • Glycosyl

    glycosyl gly·co·syl (glī’kə-sĭl’) n. A univalent radical resulting from detachment of a hydroxyl group from the hemiacetal of a cyclic glucose.

  • Glycosylated hemoglobin

    glycosylated hemoglobin gly·co·sy·lat·ed hemoglobin (glī-kō’sə-lā’tĭd) n. Any of four hemoglobin fractions that together account for less than 4 percent of the total hemoglobin in the blood.

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