[gruh-too-i-tuh s, -tyoo-] /grəˈtu ɪ təs, -ˈtyu-/
given, done, bestowed, or obtained without charge or payment; free; voluntary.
being without apparent reason, cause, or justification:
a gratuitous insult.
Law. given without receiving any return value.
given or received without payment or obligation
without cause; unjustified
(law) given or made without receiving any value in return: a gratuitous agreement
1690s, from gratuitous + -ly (2).
1650s, “freely bestowed,” from Latin gratuitus “done without pay, spontaneous, voluntary,” from gratus “pleasing, agreeable,” from gratia “favor” (see grace). Sense of “uncalled for, done without good reason” is first recorded 1690s.
[gruh-too-i-tee, -tyoo-] /grəˈtu ɪ ti, -ˈtyu-/ noun, plural gratuities. 1. a gift of money, over and above payment due for service, as to a waiter or bellhop; tip. 2. something given without claim or demand. 3. British. /ɡrəˈtjuːɪtɪ/ noun (pl) -ties 1. a gift or reward, usually of money, for services rendered; tip 2. something […]
[grach-uh-leyt] /ˈgrætʃ əˌleɪt/ Archaic. verb (used with object), gratulated, gratulating. 1. to hail with joy; express joy at. 2. to congratulate. verb (used without object), gratulated, gratulating. 3. to express joy. /ˈɡrætjʊˌleɪt/ verb (transitive) (archaic) 1. to greet joyously 2. to congratulate v. archaic, 1550s, from Latin gratulatus, past participle of gratulari (see gratulation).
[grach-uh-luh nt] /ˈgrætʃ ə lənt/ adjective 1. expressing gratification; congratulatory.
[grach-uh-ley-shuh n] /ˌgrætʃ əˈleɪ ʃən/ noun 1. a feeling of joy. 2. the expression of joy. n. late 15c., gratulacyon “expression of thanks,” from Latin gratulationem (nominative gratulatio) “a manifestation of joy, wishing joy, rejoicing,” from past participle stem of gratulari “give thanks, show joy,” from gratus “agreeable” (see grace).