Hamburg



[ham-burg; for 1, 2 also German hahm-boo rk] /ˈhæm bɜrg; for 1, 2 also German ˈhɑm bʊərk/

noun
1.
a state in N Germany. 288 sq. mi. (746 sq. km).
2.
a city in and the capital of this state, on the Elbe River: the largest seaport in continental Europe.
3.
a town in W New York.
[ham-bur-ger] /ˈhæmˌbɜr gər/
noun
1.
a sandwich consisting of a cooked patty of ground or chopped beef, usually in a roll or bun, variously garnished.
2.
ground or chopped beef.
3.
Also called Hamburg steak. a patty of ground or chopped beef, seasoned and fried or broiled.
/ˈhæmbɜːɡ/
noun
1.
a city-state and port in NW Germany, on the River Elbe: the largest port in Germany; a founder member of the Hanseatic League; became a free imperial city in 1510 and a state of the German empire in 1871; university (1919); extensive shipyards. Pop: 1 734 083 (2003 est)
/ˈhæmˌbɜːɡə/
noun
1.
a flat fried cake of minced beef, often served in a bread roll Also called Hamburger steak, beefburger

German city, the -burg is German Burg “fort,” in reference to the moated castle built there c.825; the first element is perhaps Old High German hamma “ham, back of the knee” in a transferred sense of “bend, angle,” with reference to its position on a river bend promontory, or Middle High German hamme “enclosed area of pastureland.”
n.

1610s, “native of Hamburg;” the meat product so called from 1884, hamburg steak, named for the German city of Hamburg, though no certain connection has ever been put forth, and there may not be one unless it be that Hamburg was a major port of departure for German immigrants to United States. Meaning “a sandwich consisting of a bun and a patty of grilled hamburger meat” attested by 1912. Shortened form burger attested from 1939; beefburger was attempted 1940, in an attempt to make the main ingredient more explicit, after the -burger had taken on a life of its own as a suffix (cf. cheeseburger, first attested 1938).
Hamburg [(ham-burg, hahm-boorg)]

City in northern Germany on the Elbe River, near where it meets the North Sea.

Note: Hamburg is Germany’s most important industrial center. It was one of the most heavily bombed German cities during World War II.

noun

Related Terms

make hamburger (or hash or mincemeat) out of someone or something

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