William, 1578–1657, English physician: discoverer of the circulation of the blood.
a city in NE Illinois, near Chicago.
a male given name: from Germanic words meaning “army” and “battle.”.
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William. 1578–1657, English physician who discovered the mechanism of blood circulation, expounded in On the motion of the heart (1628)
English physician and physiologist who in 1628 demonstrated the function of the heart and the circulation of blood throughout the human body.
Our Living Language : In the second century CE, the Greek physician Galen theorized that blood is created in the liver, passes once through the heart, and is then absorbed by bodily tissues. Galen’s ideas were widely accepted in European medicine until 1628, when William Harvey published a book describing the circulation of blood throughout the body. Through his observations of human and animal dissections, Harvey saw that blood flows from one side of the heart to the other and that it flows through the lungs and returns to the heart to be pumped elsewhere. There was one missing part of the cycle: How did the blood pumped to distant body tissues get into the veins to be carried back to the heart? As an answer, Harvey offered his own, unproven theory, one that has since been shown to be true: blood passes from small, outlying arteries through tiny vessels called capillaries into the outlying veins. Harvey’s views were so controversial at the time that many of his patients left his care, but his work became the basis for all modern research on the heart and blood vessels.
William Henry, 1904–76, U.S. jurist: first black judge of the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals. Historical Examples Chronicles of England, Scotland and Ireland (2 of 6): England (4 of 12) Raphael Holinshed Betty Grier Joseph Waugh The Devil in Britain and America John Ashton The Works of Robert Louis Stevenson – Swanston Edition, Vol. XII […]
a sheet of paper with a printed heading, usually giving one’s name and address, on which a statement of money due is rendered. the heading itself. a printed form for itemized statements.
William, 1778–1830, English critic and essayist. Contemporary Examples The Importance of Adult Classifieds Hazlitt September 5, 2014 Historical Examples Letters of John Keats to His Family and Friends John Keats Sir Walter Scott William Paton Ker Chester Rand Horatio Alger, Jr Chester Rand Horatio Alger, Jr Old and New Masters Robert Lynd The Continental Monthly, […]
- Bill of health
a certificate, carried by a ship, attesting to the presence or absence of infectious diseases among the ship’s crew and at the port from which it has come. clean bill of health, an attestation of fitness or qualification; a commendation: The investigating committee gave him a clean bill of health. noun a certificate, issued by […]