[hahy-uh-rahrk, hahy-rahrk] /ˈhaɪ əˌrɑrk, ˈhaɪ rɑrk/

a person who rules or has authority in sacred matters; high priest.
a person having high position or considerable authority.
one of a body of officials or minor priests in certain ancient Greek temples.

a person at a high level in a hierarchy

1640s, from hierarch + -al (1).

1570s, from Medieval Latin hierarcha, from Greek hierarkhes “leader of sacred rites, high priest” (see hierarchy).


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