[in-fin-i-tiv] /ɪnˈfɪn ɪ tɪv/ Grammar

a verb form found in many languages that functions as a noun or is used with auxiliary verbs, and that names the action or state without specifying the subject, as French venir “to come,” Latin esse “to be,” fuisse “to have been.”.
(in English) the simple or basic form of the verb, as come, take, eat, be, used after auxiliary verbs, as in I didn’t come, He must be, or this simple form preceded by a function word, as to in I want to eat.
consisting of or containing an infinitive:
an infinitive construction.
Abbreviation: infin.
noun (grammar)
a form of the verb not inflected for grammatical categories such as tense and person and used without an overt subject. In English, the infinitive usually consists of the word to followed by the verb

“simple, uninflected form of a verb,” 1510s (mid-15c. as an adjective), from Late Latin infinitivus “unlimited, indefinite,” from Latin infinitus (see infinite). “Indefinite” because not having definite person or number.

The simple or dictionary form of a verb: walk, think, fly, exist. Often the word to marks a verb as an infinitive: “to walk,” “to think,” “to fly,” “to exist.”


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  • Infinitive-clause

    noun, Grammar. 1. a clause containing an infinitive as its main or only verb form, as to speak clearly in Try to speak clearly.

  • Infinitive marker

    noun 1. (grammar) a word or affix occurring with the verb stem in the infinitive, such as to in to make

  • Infinitize

    [in-fin-i-tahyz] /ɪnˈfɪn ɪˌtaɪz/ verb (used with object), infinitized, infinitizing. 1. to free from limitations of space, time, circumstance, etc.; cause to become .

  • Infinitude

    [in-fin-i-tood, -tyood] /ɪnˈfɪn ɪˌtud, -ˌtyud/ noun 1. infinity: divine infinitude. 2. an infinite extent, amount, or number. /ɪnˈfɪnɪˌtjuːd/ noun 1. the state or quality of being infinite 2. an infinite extent, quantity, degree, etc n. 1640s, from Medieval Latin *infinitudo, from Latin infinitus on model of multitudo, magnitudo; see infinite. Cf. French infinitude (1610s).

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