any of three compounds, acetoacetic acid, beta-hydroxybutyric acid, or acetone, that are intermediate in the metabolism of fatty acids and that are found in abnormal quantities in the blood and urine during certain pathological conditions, as diabetes mellitus.
(biochem) any of three compounds (acetoacetic acid, 3-hydroxybutanoic acid, and acetone) produced when fatty acids are broken down in the liver to provide a source of energy. Excess ketone bodies are present in the blood and urine of people unable to use glucose as an energy source, as in diabetes and starvation Also called acetone body
ketone body n.
A ketone-containing substance, such as acetoacetic acid, that is an intermediate product of fatty acid metabolism, tends to accumulate in the blood, and is excreted in the urine of individuals affected by starvation or uncontrolled diabetes mellitus. Also called acetone body.
A ketone-containing substance that is an intermediate product of the metabolism of fatty acids. Ketone bodies tend to accumulate in the blood and urine of individuals affected by starvation or uncontrolled diabetes mellitus.
noun, Chemistry. 1. the characteristic group occurring in ketones that consists of the carbonyl group attached to two alkyl groups. noun 1. (chem) the functional group of ketones: a carbonyl group attached to the carbon atoms of two other organic groups
[kee-toh-nee-mee-uh] /ˌki toʊˈni mi ə/ noun, Medicine/Medical. 1. the presence of bodies in the blood. ketonemia ke·to·ne·mi·a (kē’tə-nē’mē-ə) n. The presence of detectable levels of ketone bodies in the plasma.
[kee-tohn] /ˈki toʊn/ noun, Chemistry. 1. any of a class of organic compounds containing a carbonyl group, CO, attached to two alkyl groups, as CH 3 COCH 3 or CH 3 COC 2 H 5 . adjective 2. containing the . /ˈkiːtəʊn/ noun 1. any of a class of compounds with the general formula R′COR, […]
[kee-toh-noo r-ee-uh, -nyoo r-] /ˌki toʊˈnʊər i ə, -ˈnyʊər-/ noun, Medicine/Medical. 1. the presence of bodies in the urine. /ˌkiːtəʊˈnjʊərɪə, ˌkiːtə-/ noun 1. (pathol) the presence of ketone bodies in the urine Also called acetonuria ketonuria ke·to·nu·ri·a (kē’tə-nur’ē-ə, -nyur’-) n. An excessive concentration of ketone bodies in the urine.