Ketonic



[kee-tohn] /ˈki toʊn/

noun, Chemistry.
1.
any of a class of organic compounds containing a carbonyl group, CO, attached to two alkyl groups, as CH 3 COCH 3 or CH 3 COC 2 H 5 .
adjective
2.
containing the .
/ˈkiːtəʊn/
noun
1.
any of a class of compounds with the general formula R′COR, where R and R′ are alkyl or aryl groups See also acetone
n.

chemical group, 1851, from German keton, coined in 1848 by German chemist Leopold Gmelin (1788-1853) from German Aketon, from French acétone (see acetone). Its comb. form is keto-.

ketone ke·tone (kē’tōn’)
n.
Any of a class of organic compounds having a carbonyl group linked to a carbon atom in each of two hydrocarbon radicals.
ketone
(kē’tōn’)
Any of a class of organic compounds having the general formula RCOR’, where R and R’ are hydrocarbon radicals that are both attached to the carbon atom of the carbonyl (CO) group. Acetone is a ketone.

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  • Ketonuria

    [kee-toh-noo r-ee-uh, -nyoo r-] /ˌki toʊˈnʊər i ə, -ˈnyʊər-/ noun, Medicine/Medical. 1. the presence of bodies in the urine. /ˌkiːtəʊˈnjʊərɪə, ˌkiːtə-/ noun 1. (pathol) the presence of ketone bodies in the urine Also called acetonuria ketonuria ke·to·nu·ri·a (kē’tə-nur’ē-ə, -nyur’-) n. An excessive concentration of ketone bodies in the urine.

  • Ketose

    [kee-tohs] /ˈki toʊs/ noun, Biochemistry. 1. a monosaccharide that contains a ketone group. /ˈkiːtəʊz/ noun 1. any monosaccharide that contains a ketone group ketose ke·tose (kē’tōs’) n. Any of various carbohydrates containing a ketone group. ketose (kē’tōs’) Any of a class of simple sugars (monosaccharides) containing a ketone group. Fructose is a ketose. Compare aldose.



  • Ketoses

    [kee-tohs] /ˈki toʊs/ noun, Biochemistry. 1. a monosaccharide that contains a ketone group. [ki-toh-sis] /kɪˈtoʊ sɪs/ noun, Pathology. 1. the accumulation of excessive ketones in the body, as in diabetic acidosis. /ˈkiːtəʊz/ noun 1. any monosaccharide that contains a ketone group /kɪˈtəʊsɪs/ noun 1. (pathol) a high concentration of ketone bodies in the blood Also […]

  • Ketosis

    [ki-toh-sis] /kɪˈtoʊ sɪs/ noun, Pathology. 1. the accumulation of excessive ketones in the body, as in diabetic acidosis. /kɪˈtəʊsɪs/ noun 1. (pathol) a high concentration of ketone bodies in the blood Also called acetonaemia n. 1900, from keto-, comb. form of ketone, + -osis. ketosis ke·to·sis (kē-tō’sĭs) n. pl. ke·to·ses (-sēz) A pathological increase in […]



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