Lasts



[last, lahst] /læst, lɑst/

adjective, a superl. of late with later as compar.
1.
occurring or coming after all others, as in time, order, or place:
the last line on a page.
2.
most recent; next before the present; latest:
last week; last Friday.
3.
being the only one remaining:
my last dollar; the last outpost; a last chance.
4.
final:
in his last hours.
5.
ultimate or conclusive; definitive:
the last word in the argument.
6.
lowest in prestige or importance:
last prize.
7.
coming after all others in suitability or likelihood; least desirable:
He is the last person we’d want to represent us.
8.
individual; single:
The lecture won’t start until every last person is seated.
9.
utmost; extreme:
the last degree of delight.
10.
Ecclesiastical. (of the sacraments of penance, viaticum, or extreme unction) extreme or final; administered to a person dying or in danger of dying.
adverb
11.
after all others; latest:
He arrived last at the party.
12.
on the most recent occasion:
When last seen, the suspect was wearing a checked suit.
13.
in the end; finally; in conclusion.
noun
14.
a person or thing that is last.
15.
a final appearance or mention:
We’ve seen the last of her. That’s the last we’ll hear of it.
16.
the end or conclusion:
We are going on vacation the last of September.
Idioms
17.
at last, after a lengthy pause or delay:
He was lost in thought for several minutes, but at last he spoke.
18.
at long last, after much troublesome or frustrating delay:
The ship docked at long last.
19.
breathe one’s last, to die:
He was nearly 90 when he breathed his last.
[last, lahst] /læst, lɑst/
verb (used without object)
1.
to go on or continue in time:
The festival lasted three weeks.
2.
to continue unexpended or unexhausted; be enough:
We’ll enjoy ourselves while our money lasts.
3.
to continue in force, vigor, effectiveness, etc.:
to last for the whole course.
4.
to continue or remain in usable condition for a reasonable period of time:
They were handsome shoes but they didn’t last.
verb (used with object)
5.
to continue to survive for the duration of (often followed by out):
They lasted the war in Switzerland.
[last, lahst] /læst, lɑst/
noun
1.
a wooden or metal form in the shape of the human foot on which boots or shoes are shaped or repaired.
2.
the shape or form of a shoe.
verb (used with object)
3.
to shape on or fit to a last.
Idioms
4.
stick to one’s last, to keep to that work, field, etc., in which one is competent or skilled.
[last, lahst] /læst, lɑst/
noun
1.
any of various large units of weight or capacity, varying in amount in different localities and for different commodities, often equivalent to 4000 pounds (1814.37 kilograms).
/lɑːst/
adjective (often prenominal)
1.
being, happening, or coming at the end or after all others: the last horse in the race
2.
being or occurring just before the present; most recent: last Thursday
3.
last but not least, coming last in order but nevertheless important
4.
last but one, next to last
5.
only remaining: one’s last cigarette
6.
most extreme; utmost
7.
least suitable, appropriate, or likely: he was the last person I would have chosen
8.
(esp relating to the end of a person’s life or of the world)

9.
(postpositive) (Liverpool, dialect) inferior, unpleasant, or contemptible: this ale is last
adverb
10.
after all others; at or in the end: he came last
11.

12.
(sentence modifier) as the last or latest item
noun
13.
the last

14.
one’s last moments before death
15.
the last thing a person can do (esp in the phrase breathe one’s last)
16.
the final appearance, mention, or occurrence: we’ve seen the last of him
17.
at last, in the end; finally
18.
at long last, finally, after difficulty, delay, or irritation
/lɑːst/
verb
1.
when intr, often foll by for. to remain in being (for a length of time); continue: his hatred lasted for several years
2.
to be sufficient for the needs of (a person) for (a length of time): it will last us until Friday
3.
when intr, often foll by for. to remain fresh, uninjured, or unaltered (for a certain time or duration): he lasted for three hours underground
/lɑːst/
noun
1.
the wooden or metal form on which a shoe or boot is fashioned or repaired
verb
2.
(transitive) to fit (a shoe or boot) on a last
/lɑːst/
noun
1.
a unit of weight or capacity having various values in different places and for different commodities. Commonly used values are 2 tons, 2000 pounds, 80 bushels, or 640 gallons
adj., adv.

“following all others,” from Old English latost (adj.) and lætest (adv.), superlative of læt (see late). Cognate with Old Frisian lest, Dutch laatst, Old High German laggost, German letzt. Meaning “most recent” is from c.1200. The noun, “last person or thing,” is c.1200, from the adjective. Last hurrah is from the title of Edwin O’Connor’s 1956 novel. Last word “final, definitive statement” is from 1650s. A dying person’s last words so called by 1740. As an adjective, last-minute attested from 1913. Last-chance (adj.) is from 1962.
v.

“endure, go on existing,” from Old English læstan “to continue, endure,” earlier “accomplish, carry out,” literally “to follow a track,” from Proto-Germanic *laistjan “to follow a track” (cf. Gothic laistjan “to follow,” Old Frisian lasta “to fulfill, to pay (duties),” German leisten “to perform, achieve, afford”), from PIE *leis- “track, furrow.”

Related to last (n.), not to last (adj.). Related: Lasted; lasting.
n.

“shoemaker’s block,” from Old English læste, from last “track, footprint, trace,” from Proto-Germanic *laist- (cf. Old Norse leistr “the foot,” Middle Dutch, Dutch leest “form, model, last,” Old High German leist “track, footprint,” German Leisten “last,” Gothic laistjan “to follow,” Old English læran “to teach”); see last (v.).

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