[lee-vuh-gloo-kohs] /ˌli vəˈglu koʊs/
See under (def 1).
[gloo-kohs] /ˈglu koʊs/
a sugar, C 6 H 12 O 6 , having several optically different forms, the common dextrorotatory form (dextroglucose, or -glucose) occurring in many fruits, animal tissues and fluids, etc., and having a sweetness about one half that of ordinary sugar, and the rare levorotatory form (levoglucose, or -glucose) not naturally occurring.
Also called starch syrup. a syrup containing dextrose, maltose, and dextrine, obtained by the incomplete hydrolysis of starch.
a white crystalline monosaccharide sugar that has several optically active forms, the most abundant being dextrose: a major energy source in metabolism. Formula: C6H12O6
a yellowish syrup (or, after desiccation, a solid) containing dextrose, maltose, and dextrin, obtained by incomplete hydrolysis of starch: used in confectionery, fermentation, etc
1840, from French glucose (1838), said to have been coined by French professor Eugène Melchior Péligot (1811-1890) from Greek gleukos “must, sweet wine,” related to glykys “sweet, delightful, dear,” from *glku-, dissimilated in Greek from PIE *dlk-u- “sweet” (cf. Latin dulcis). It first was obtained from grape sugar.
glucose glu·cose (glōō’kōs’)
A monosaccharide sugar the blood that serves as the major energy source of the body; it occurs in most plant and animal tissue. Also called blood sugar.
A monosaccharide sugar found in plant and animal tissues. Glucose is a product of photosynthesis, mostly incorporated into the disaccharide sugar sucrose rather than circulating free in the plant. Glucose is essential for energy production in animal cells. It is transported by blood and lymph to all the cells of the body, where it is metabolized to form carbon dioxide and water along with ATP, the main source of chemical energy for cellular processes. Glucose molecules can also be linked into chains to form the polysaccharides cellulose, glycogen, and starch. Chemical formula: C6H12O6. See more at cellular respiration, Krebs cycle, photosynthesis.
The most common form of sugar, found extensively in the bodies of living things; a molecule composed of carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen.
Note: Glucose is involved in the production of energy in both plants and animals.
levorotation le·vo·ro·ta·tion (lē’və-rō-tā’shən) n. A counterclockwise rotation, especially of the plane of polarized light. levorotation (lē’və-rō-tā’shən) The counterclockwise rotation of the plane of polarization of light (as observed when looking straight into the incoming light) by certain substances, such as crystals, and by certain solutions. Levorotation is caused by a particular arrangement of the atoms […]
[lee-vuh-roh-tuh-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee] /ˌli vəˈroʊ təˌtɔr i, -ˌtoʊr i/ adjective, Optics, Chemistry, Biochemistry. 1. turning to the left, as the rotation to the left of the plane of polarization of light in certain crystals and compounds. Symbol: l-. levorotatory le·vo·ro·ta·to·ry (lē’və-rō’tə-tôr’ē) or le·vo·ro·ta·ry (-rō’tə-rē) adj. levorotatory (lē’və-rō’tə-tôr’ē) Relating to a substance that causes levorotation.
[luh-vawr-fuh-nawl, -nol] /ləˈvɔr fəˌnɔl, -ˌnɒl/ noun, Pharmacology. 1. a potent synthetic narcotic analgesic, C 21 H 29 NO 7 , as the tartrate, used in the treatment of moderate to severe pain.
- Levorphanol tartrate
levorphanol tartrate lev·or·pha·nol tartrate (lě-vôr’fə-nôl’) n. An addictive drug used primarily as an analgesic with action similar to morphine.