Loaded-bear



[bair] /bɛər/

noun, plural bears (especially collectively) bear.
1.
any of the plantigrade, carnivorous or omnivorous mammals of the family Ursidae, having massive bodies, coarse heavy fur, relatively short limbs, and almost rudimentary tails.
2.
any of various animals resembling the bear, as the .
3.
a gruff, burly, clumsy, bad-mannered, or rude person.
4.
a person who believes that market prices, especially of stocks, will decline (opposed to ).
5.
Informal. a person who shows great ability, enthusiasm, stamina, etc.:
a bear for physics.
6.
(initial capital letter) Astronomy. either of two constellations, Ursa Major or Ursa Minor.
7.
Informal. a player at cards who rarely bluffs.
8.
(initial capital letter) .
adjective
9.
having to do with or marked by declining prices, as of stocks:
bear market.
verb (used with object), beared, bearing.
10.
Stock Exchange. to force prices down in (a market, stock, etc.).
Idioms
11.
loaded for bear, Informal. fully prepared and eager to initiate or deal with a fight, confrontation, or trouble:
Keep away from the boss—he’s loaded for bear today.
/bɛə/
verb (mainly transitive) bears, bearing, bore, borne
1.
to support or hold up; sustain
2.
to bring or convey: to bear gifts
3.
to take, accept, or assume the responsibility of: to bear an expense
4.
(past participle bornin passive use except when foll by by) to give birth to: to bear children
5.
(also intransitive) to produce by or as if by natural growth: to bear fruit
6.
to tolerate or endure: she couldn’t bear him
7.
to admit of; sustain: his story does not bear scrutiny
8.
to hold in the conscious mind or in one’s feelings: to bear a grudge, I’ll bear that idea in mind
9.
to show or be marked with: he still bears the scars
10.
to transmit or spread: to bear gossip
11.
to render or supply (esp in the phrase bear witness)
12.
to conduct or manage (oneself, the body, etc): she bore her head high
13.
to have, be, or stand in (relation or comparison): his account bears no relation to the facts
14.
(intransitive) to move, be located, or lie in a specified direction: the way bears east
15.
to have by right; be entitled to (esp in the phrase bear title)
16.
bear a hand, to give assistance
17.
bring to bear, to bring into operation or effect: he brought his knowledge to bear on the situation
/bɛə/
noun (pl) bears, bear
1.
any plantigrade mammal of the family Ursidae: order Carnivora (carnivores). Bears are typically massive omnivorous animals with a large head, a long shaggy coat, and strong claws See also black bear, brown bear, polar bear related adjective ursine
2.
any of various bearlike animals, such as the koala and the ant bear
3.
a clumsy, churlish, or ill-mannered person
4.
a teddy bear
5.
(stock exchange)

verb bears, bearing, beared
6.
(transitive) to lower or attempt to lower the price or prices of (a stock market or a security) by speculative selling
/bɛə/
noun the Bear
1.
the English name for Ursa Major, Ursa Minor
2.
an informal name for Russia
v.

Old English beran “to bear, bring; bring forth, produce; to endure, sustain; to wear” (class IV strong verb; past tense bær, past participle boren), from Proto-Germanic *beranan (cf. Old Saxon beran, Old Frisian bera, Old High German beran, German gebären, Old Norse bera, Gothic bairan “to carry, bear, give birth to”), from PIE root *bher- (1) meaning both “give birth” (though only English and German strongly retain this sense, and Russian has beremennaya “pregnant”) and “carry a burden, bring” (see infer).

Ball bearings “bear” the friction. Many senses are from notion of “move onward by pressure.” Old English past tense bær became Middle English bare; alternative bore began to appear c.1400, but bare remained the literary form till after 1600. Past participle distinction of borne for “carried” and born for “given birth” is from late 18c. To bear (something) in mind is from 1530s.
n.

Old English bera “bear,” from Proto-Germanic *beron, literally “the brown (one)” (cf. Old Norse björn, Middle Dutch bere, Dutch beer, Old High German bero, German Bär), from PIE *bher- (3) “bright, brown” (see brown (adj.)).

Greek arktos and Latin ursus retain the PIE root word for “bear” (*rtko; see Arctic), but it is believed to have been ritually replaced in the northern branches because of hunters’ taboo on names of wild animals (cf. the Irish equivalent “the good calf,” Welsh “honey-pig,” Lithuanian “the licker,” Russian medved “honey-eater”). Others connect the Germanic word with Latin ferus “wild,” as if it meant “the wild animal (par excellence) of the northern woods.”

Symbolic of Russia since 1794. Used of uncouth persons since 1570s. Stock market meaning “speculator for a fall” is 1709 shortening of bearskin jobber (from the proverb sell the bearskin before one has caught the bear); i.e. “one who sells stock for future delivery, expecting that meanwhile prices will fall.” Paired with bull from c.1720. Bear claw as a type of large pastry is from 1942, originally chiefly western U.S.

noun

Related Terms

does a bear shit in the woods

[1700s+; sense perhaps influenced by 1930s jazz musicians’ use, ”an unhappy state or condition; impoverishment,” in which it was rhyming slang for ”nowhere”]

Related Terms

smokey bear

a native of the mountain regions of Western Asia, frequently mentioned in Scripture. David defended his flocks against the attacks of a bear (1 Sam. 17:34-37). Bears came out of the wood and destroyed the children who mocked the prophet Elisha (2 Kings 2:24). Their habits are referred to in Isa. 59:11; Prov. 28:15; Lam. 3:10. The fury of the female bear when robbed of her young is spoken of (2 Sam. 17:8; Prov. 17:12; Hos. 13:8). In Daniel’s vision of the four great monarchies, the Medo-Persian empire is represented by a bear (7:5).

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