Lombard



[lom-bahrd, -berd, luhm-] /ˈlɒm bɑrd, -bərd, ˈlʌm-/

noun
1.
Carole (Jane Alice Peters) 1909?–42, U.S. film actress.
2.
Peter (Petrus Lombardus) c1100–64? Italian theologian: bishop of Paris 1159–64?.
3.
a city in NE Illinois, near Chicago.
[lom-bahrd, -berd, luhm-] /ˈlɒm bɑrd, -bərd, ˈlʌm-/
noun
1.
a native or inhabitant of .
2.
a member of an ancient Germanic tribe that settled in N Italy.
3.
a banker or moneylender.
adjective
4.
Also, Lombardic. of or relating to the Lombards or Lombardy.
/ˈlɒmbəd; -bɑːd; ˈlʌm-/
noun
1.
a native or inhabitant of Lombardy
2.
Also called Langobard. a member of an ancient Germanic people who settled in N Italy after 568 ad
adjective
3.
of or relating to Lombardy or the Lombards
/ˈlɒmbəd; -bɑːd; ˈlʌm-/
noun
1.
Peter. ?1100–?60, Italian theologian, noted for his Sententiarum libri quatuor
n.

from Late Latin Langobardus, proper name of a Germanic people who conquered Italy 6c. and settled in the northern region that became known as Lombardy, from Proto-Germanic Langgobardoz, often said to mean literally “Long-beards,” but perhaps rather from *lang- “tall, long” + the proper name of the people (Latin Bardi). Their name in Old English was Langbeardas (plural), but also Heaðobeardan, from heaðo “war.”

In Middle English the word meant “banker, money-changer, pawnbroker” (late 14c.), from Old French Lombart “Lombard,” also “money-changer; usurer; coward,” from Italian Lombardo (from Medieval Latin Lombardus).

Lombards in Middle Ages were notable throughout Western Europe as bankers and money-lenders, also pawn-brokers; they established themselves in France from 13c., especially in Montpellier and Cahors, and London’s Lombard Street (c.1200) originally was the site of the houses of Lombard bankers. French also gave the word in this sense to Middle Dutch and Low German. Lombardy poplar, originally from Italy but planted in North American colonies as an ornamental tree, is attested from 1766.

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