[lawr-uh nts-fits-jer-uh ld, lohr-] /ˈlɔr ənts fɪtsˈdʒɛr əld, ˈloʊr-/
the supposed contraction of a body in the direction of its motion through the ether, postulated to explain the result of the Michelson-Morley experiment. The special theory of relativity denies that any such real change can occur in a body as a result of uniform motion but shows that an observer moving with respect to the body will determine an apparent change given by a formula similar to that of Lorentz and Fitzgerald
The shortening of an object along its direction of motion as its speed approaches the speed of light, as measured by an observer at rest with respect to the body. Lorentz-FitzGerald contraction is an effect predicted by Einstein’s theory of Special Relativity. It is named for Dutch physicist Hendrik Lorentz and Irish physicist George Francis FitzGerald (1851-1901), who independently proposed such a contraction. See more at relativity.
noun, Electricity. 1. the force on a charged particle moving through a region containing both electric and magnetic fields. Lorentz force The total force exerted on a charged particle by electric and magnetic fields. All charged particles encounter a force from an electric field, oriented in the direction of the field (or the opposite direction, […]
noun, Physics. 1. the mathematical transformation in the special theory of relativity that describes the way in which measurements of space, time, and other physical quantities differ for two observers in uniform relative motion. noun 1. a set of equations relating the coordinates of space and time used by two hypothetical observers in uniform relative […]
[luh-ren-zoh, law-, loh-] /ləˈrɛn zoʊ, lɔ-, loʊ-/ noun 1. Saint, .
- Lorenzo delmonico
[del-mon-i-koh] /dɛlˈmɒn ɪˌkoʊ/ noun 1. Lorenzo, 1813–81, U.S. restaurateur, born in Switzerland.