Lorraine



[luh-reyn, law-, loh-; French law-ren] /ləˈreɪn, lɔ-, loʊ-; French lɔˈrɛn/

noun
1.
Also, Lorrain. Claude (Claude Gelée) 1600–82, French painter.
2.
a medieval kingdom in W Europe along the Moselle, Meuse, and Rhine rivers.
3.
a region in NE France, once included in this kingdom: a former province.
Compare .
4.
a female given name.
/lɒˈreɪn; French lɔrɛn/
noun
1.
a region and former province of E France; ceded to Germany in 1871 after the Franco-Prussian war and regained by France in 1919; rich iron-ore deposits German name Lothringen
2.
Kingdom of Lorraine, an early medieval kingdom on the Meuse, Moselle, and Rhine rivers: later a duchy
3.
a former duchy in E France, once the S half of this kingdom

region in eastern France, from Medieval Latin Lotharingia, literally “Lothar’s Realm,” name later given to the northern portion of the lands assigned by the Treaty of Verdun (843 C.E.) to Lothair I in the first division of the Carolingian empire. His empire stretched from the North Sea to the Mediterranean. Before his death (855 C.E.), Lothair subdivided his lands among his three sons. His son, Lothair (for whom the region is named), was given Lotharingia as his kingdom.

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