Magnesium



[mag-nee-zee-uh m, -zhuh m, -shee-uh m] /mægˈni zi əm, -ʒəm, -ʃi əm/

noun, Chemistry.
1.
a light, ductile, silver-white, metallic element that burns with a dazzling white light, used in lightweight alloys, flares, fireworks, in the manufacture of flashbulbs, optical mirrors, and precision instruments, and as a zinc substitute in batteries. Symbol: Mg; atomic weight: 24.312; atomic number: 12; specific gravity: 1.74 at 20°C.
/mæɡˈniːzɪəm/
noun
1.
a light silvery-white metallic element of the alkaline earth series that burns with an intense white flame, occurring principally in magnesite, dolomite, and carnallite: used in light structural alloys, flashbulbs, flares, and fireworks. Symbol: Mg; atomic no: 12; atomic wt: 24.3050; valency: 2; relative density: 1.738; melting pt: 650°C; boiling pt: 1090°C
n.

silvery-white metallic element, 1808, coined by English chemist Sir Humphrey Davy (1778-1829) from white magnesia (q.v.), in which it was found, + chemical ending -ium.

magnesium mag·ne·si·um (māg-nē’zē-əm, -zhəm)
n.
Symbol Mg
A light metallic element that burns with a brilliant white flame. Atomic number 12; atomic weight 24.305; melting point 649°C; boiling point 1,090°C; specific gravity 1.74 (at 20°C); valence 2.
magnesium
(māg-nē’zē-əm)
Symbol Mg
A lightweight, moderately hard, silvery-white metallic element of the alkaline-earth group that burns with an intense white flame. It is an essential component of chlorophyll and is used in lightweight alloys, flash photography, and fireworks. Atomic number 12; atomic weight 24.305; melting point 649°C; boiling point 1,090°C; specific gravity 1.74 (at 20°C); valence 2. See Periodic Table.

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  • Magnesium-arsenate

    noun, Chemistry. 1. a white, water-insoluble powder, Mg 3 (AsO 4) 2 ⋅xH 2 O, used chiefly as an insecticide.

  • Magnesium-carbonate

    noun, Chemistry. 1. a white powder, MgCO 3 , insoluble in water and alcohol, soluble in acids, used in dentifrices and cosmetics, in medicine as an antacid, and as a refractory material.



  • Magnesium-hydroxide

    noun, Chemistry. 1. a white, crystalline, slightly water-soluble powder, Mg(OH) 2 , used chiefly in medicine as an antacid and as a laxative. magnesium hydroxide n. A white powder used as an antacid and a laxative.

  • Magnesium-light

    noun 1. the strongly actinic white light produced when magnesium is burned: used in photography, signaling, pyrotechnics, etc.



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