Margrave



[mahr-greyv] /ˈmɑr greɪv/

noun
1.
(formerly) the hereditary title of the rulers of certain European states.
2.
History/Historical. a hereditary German title, equivalent to marquis.
3.
(originally) a military governor of a German mark, or border province.
/ˈmɑːˌɡreɪv/
noun
1.
a German nobleman ranking above a count. Margraves were originally counts appointed to govern frontier provinces, but all had become princes of the Holy Roman Empire by the 12th century
n.

military governor of a German border province, 1550s, from Middle Dutch markgrave (Dutch markgraaf), literally “count of the border,” from Old High German marcgravo; second element from graf “count, earl” (Old High German gravo, gravjo), from West Germanic *grafa “a designation of rank, possibly borrowed from Greek grapheus “scribe.” For first element see mark (n.1). Later a hereditary title under the Holy Roman Empire. His wife was a margravine.

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