Matthew prior



[prahy-er] /ˈpraɪ ər/

noun
1.
Matthew, 1664–1721, English poet.
/ˈpraɪə/
adjective
1.
(prenominal) previous; preceding
2.
prior to, before; until
noun
3.
(statistics) a prior probability
/ˈpraɪə/
noun
1.
the superior of a house and community in certain religious orders
2.
the deputy head of a monastery or abbey, ranking immediately below the abbot
3.
(formerly) a chief magistrate in medieval Florence and other Italian republics
/ˈpraɪə/
noun
1.
Matthew. 1664–1721, English poet and diplomat, noted for his epigrammatic occasional verse
adj.

“earlier,” 1714, from Latin prior “former, previous, first;” figuratively “superior, better;” as a noun “forefather; superior rank;” comparative of Old Latin pri “before,” from PIE *prai-, *prei-, from root *per- (1) “forward, through” (see per).
n.

“superior officer of a religious house or order,” late Old English, from Medieval Latin prior “superior officer,” noun use of Latin adjective meaning “former, superior” (see prior (adj.)). As short for prior arrest, by 1990, American English.

noun

An earlier conviction; previous: ”Any priors onhim?” ”Dinged once, in Rapid City” (1978+)

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