Mendicant



[men-di-kuh nt] /ˈmɛn dɪ kənt/

adjective
1.
begging; practicing begging; living on alms.
2.
pertaining to or characteristic of a beggar.
noun
3.
a person who lives by begging; beggar.
4.
a member of any of several orders of friars that originally forbade ownership of property, subsisting mostly on alms.
/ˈmɛndɪkənt/
adjective
1.
begging
2.
(of a member of a religious order) dependent on alms for sustenance: mendicant friars
3.
characteristic of a beggar
noun
4.
a mendicant friar
5.
a less common word for beggar
adj.

late 14c., from Latin mendicantem (nominative mendicans) present participle of mendicare “to beg, ask alms,” from mendicus “beggar,” originally “cripple” (connection via cripples who must beg), from menda “fault, physical defect” (see mendacious). As an adjective from 1540s. Also in Middle English was mendinant (mid-14c.), from Old French mendinant, present participle of mendiner “to beg,” from the same Latin source.
n.

“a beggar,” mid-15c., from mendicant (adj.) or from Latin mendicantem (nominative mendicans), noun use of present participle of mendicare.

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