Mercator



[mer-key-ter; for 1 also Flemish mer-kah-tawr] /mərˈkeɪ tər; for 1 also Flemish mɛrˈkɑ tɔr/

noun
1.
Gerhardus
[jer-hahr-duh s] /dʒərˈhɑr dəs/ (Show IPA), (Gerhard Kremer) 1512–94, Flemish cartographer and geographer.
adjective
2.
noting, pertaining to, or according to the principles of a Mercator projection:
a Mercator chart.
/mɜːˈkeɪtə/
noun
1.
Gerardus (dʒəˈrɑːdəs). Latinized name of Gerhard Kremer. 1512–94, Flemish cartographer and mathematician

type of map projection, 1660s, invented by Flemish geographer Gerhard Kremer (1512-1594), who Latinized his surname, which means “dealer, tradesman,” as Mercator (see merchant). He first used this type of map projection in 1568.
Mercator
(mər-kā’tər)
Flemish cartographer who in 1568 developed the Mercator projection. In 1585 he began work on a book of maps of Europe, a project that was later completed by his son and published in 1595. As a result of the drawing of the Greek titan Atlas carrying the globe on his shoulders on the book’s cover, the term “atlas” was subsequently applied to any book of maps.

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