Merchant



[mur-chuh nt] /ˈmɜr tʃənt/

noun
1.
a person who buys and sells commodities for profit; dealer; trader.
2.
a storekeeper; retailer:
a local merchant who owns a store on Main Street.
3.
Chiefly British. a wholesaler.
adjective
4.
pertaining to or used for trade or commerce:
a merchant ship.
5.
pertaining to the .
6.
Steelmaking. (of bars and ingots) of standard shape or size.
/ˈmɜːtʃənt/
noun
1.
a person engaged in the purchase and sale of commodities for profit, esp on international markets; trader
2.
(mainly US & Canadian) a person engaged in retail trade
3.
(esp in historical contexts) any trader
4.
(derogatory) a person dealing or involved in something undesirable: a gossip merchant
5.
(modifier)

verb
6.
(transitive) to conduct trade in; deal in
/ˈmɜːtʃənt/
noun
1.
Ismail (ˈɪzmeɪəl). 1936–2005, Indian film producer, noted for his collaboration with James Ivory on such films as Shakespeare Wallah (1965), The Europeans (1979), A Room with a View (1986), The Remains of the Day (1993), and The Golden Bowl (2000)
n.

c.1200, from Anglo-French marchaunt “merchant, shopkeeper” (Old French marcheant, Modern French marchand), from Vulgar Latin *mercatantem (nominative *mercatans) “a buyer,” present participle of *mercatare, frequentative of Latin mercari “to trade, traffic, deal in” (see market). Meaning “fellow, chap” is from 1540s; with a specific qualifier, and suggesting someone who deals in it (e.g. speed merchant “one who enjoys fast driving”), from 1914.
adj.

c.1400, from merchant (n.) and from Old French marcheant (adj.).

combining word

A person who esp indulges or purveys in what is indicated: heat merchant/ speed merchant (1914+)

The Hebrew word so rendered is from a root meaning “to travel about,” “to migrate,” and hence “a traveller.” In the East, in ancient times, merchants travelled about with their merchandise from place to place (Gen. 37:25; Job 6:18), and carried on their trade mainly by bartering (Gen. 37:28; 39:1). After the Hebrews became settled in Palestine they began to engage in commercial pursuits, which gradually expanded (49:13; Deut. 33:18; Judg. 5:17), till in the time of Solomon they are found in the chief marts of the world (1 Kings 9:26; 10:11, 26, 28; 22:48; 2 Chr. 1:16; 9:10, 21). After Solomon’s time their trade with foreign nations began to decline. After the Exile it again expanded into wider foreign relations, because now the Jews were scattered in many lands.

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