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[pey-lee-uh-lith-ik or, esp. British, pal-ee-] /ˌpeɪ li əˈlɪθ ɪk or, esp. British, ˌpæl i-/
(sometimes lowercase) Anthropology. of, relating to, or characteristic of the cultures of the late Pliocene and the Pleistocene epochs, or early phase of the Stone Age, which appeared first in Africa and are marked by the steady development of stone tools and later antler and bone artifacts, engravings on bone and stone, sculpted figures, and paintings and engravings on the walls of caves and rock-shelters: usually divided into three periods (Lower Paleolithic, c2,000,000–c200,000 b.c., Middle Paleolithic, c150,000–c40,000 b.c., Upper Paleolithic, c40,000–c10,000 b.c.)
of or pertaining to the Earlier Stone Age (opposed to neolithic), 1865, coined by John Lubbock, later Baron Avebury (1834-1913), from paleo- + Greek lithos “stone” + -ic.
The cultural period of the Stone Age that began about 2.5 to 2 million years ago, marked by the earliest use of tools made of chipped stone. The Paleolithic Period ended at different times in different parts of the world, generally around 10,000 years ago in Europe and the Middle East. Also called Old Stone Age. ◇ The Lower Paleolithic is by far the longest division of this period, lasting until about 200,000 years ago and characterized by hammerstones and simple core tools such as hand axes and cleavers. The earliest tools belong to the Oldowan tool culture and may have been made by australopithecines as well as by Homo habilis. Later Lower Paleolithic cultures include the Abbevilian, Clactonian, Acheulian, and Levalloisian, associated with early Homo erectus. ◇ The Middle Paleolithic is generally dated to about 40,000 years ago and is associated with archaic Homo sapiens, primarily the Neanderthals and their Mousterian tool culture. The tools produced during this period represent improvements on those of the Lower Paleolithic, especially in flaking techniques, but remain little changed throughout the duration of the period. ◇ The Upper Paleolithic dates to about 10,000 years ago in Europe and the Middle East and is associated with modern Homo sapiens. Various distinctive local tool cultures such as the Aurignacian, Solutrean, and Magdalenian flourished during this relatively brief period, producing a great variety of skillfully flaked tools as well as tools made of bone, antler, wood, and other materials. Compare Mesolithic, Neolithic.
noun 1. a mountain of the Sierra Nevada in EC California, one of the Palisades Peaks in the Sierra Nevada 14,040 feet (4279 meters).
noun, History/Historical. 1. the part of the Atlantic Ocean between the west coast of Africa and the West Indies: the longest part of the journey formerly made by slave ships. noun 1. (history) the middle passage, the journey across the Atlantic Ocean from the W coast of Africa to the Caribbean: the longest part of […]
noun, Buddhism. 1. the conduct of life by a religious person in such a way as to avoid the extremes of luxury and asceticism.
noun 1. the Persian language at a stage that begins c300 b.c. and includes Pahlavi (attested from the 3rd to the 7th centuries a.d.) as well as the West Iranian literatures (3rd–10th centuries a.d.) of religions carried outside Persia. Abbreviation: MPers. noun 1. the classical form of modern Persian, spoken from about 300 ad to […]