[trooth] /truθ/

noun, plural truths
[trooth z, trooths] /truðz, truθs/ (Show IPA)
the or actual state of a matter:
He tried to find out the truth.
conformity with fact or reality; verity:
the truth of a statement.
a verified or indisputable fact, proposition, principle, or the like:
mathematical truths.
the state or character of being .
actuality or actual existence.
an obvious or accepted fact; truism; platitude.
honesty; integrity; .
(often initial capital letter) ideal or fundamental reality apart from and transcending perceived experience:
the basic truths of life.
agreement with a standard or original.
accuracy, as of position or adjustment.
Archaic. fidelity or constancy.
in truth, in reality; in fact; actually:
In truth, moral decay hastened the decline of the Roman Empire.
the quality of being true, genuine, actual, or factual: the truth of his statement was attested
something that is true as opposed to false: you did not tell me the truth
a proven or verified principle or statement; fact: the truths of astronomy
(usually pl) a system of concepts purporting to represent some aspect of the world: the truths of ancient religions
fidelity to a required standard or law
faithful reproduction or portrayal: the truth of a portrait
an obvious fact; truism; platitude
honesty, reliability, or veracity: the truth of her nature
accuracy, as in the setting, adjustment, or position of something, such as a mechanical instrument
the state or quality of being faithful; allegiance

Old English triewð (West Saxon), treowð (Mercian) “faithfulness, quality of being true,” from triewe, treowe “faithful” (see true), with Proto-Germanic abstract noun suffix *-itho (see -th (2)).

Meaning “accuracy, correctness” is from 1560s. Unlike lie (v.), there is no primary verb in English or most other IE languages for “speak the truth.” Noun sense of “something that is true” is first recorded mid-14c.

Let [Truth] and Falsehood grapple; who ever knew Truth put to the worse, in a free and open encounter. [Milton, “Areopagitica,” 1644]

Truth squad in U.S. political sense first attested 1952. Truthiness “act or quality of preferring concepts or facts one wishes to be true, rather than those known to be true,” catch word popularized in this sense by U.S. comedian Stephen Colbert, declared by American Dialect Society to be “2005 Word of the Year.”

Used in various senses in Scripture. In Prov. 12:17, 19, it denotes that which is opposed to falsehood. In Isa. 59:14, 15, Jer. 7:28, it means fidelity or truthfulness. The doctrine of Christ is called “the truth of the gospel” (Gal. 2:5), “the truth” (2 Tim. 3:7; 4:4). Our Lord says of himself, “I am the way, and the truth” (John 14:6).


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