[mith-ras] /ˈmɪθ ræs/
noun, Persian Mythology.
the god of light and truth, later of the sun.
(Persian myth) the god of light, identified with the sun, who slew a primordial bull and fertilized the world with its blood
Persian god of light, 1550s, from Latin, from Greek Mithras, from Avestan Mithra-, from Indo-Iranian *mitram “contract,” whence *mitras “contractual partner, friend,” conceptualized as a god, or, according to Kent, first the epithet of a divinity and eventually his name; from PIE root *mei- “to bind” (see mitre). Related to Sanskrit Mitrah, a Vedic deity associated with Varuna. “His name is one of the earliest Indic words we possess, being found in clay tablets from Anatolia dating to about 1500 B.C.” [Calvert Watkins, “Dictionary of Indo-European Roots,” 2000]. Related: Mithraic; Mithraism.
given by Mithra, or dedicated to Mithra, i.e., the sun, the Hebrew form of the Greek name Mithridates. (1.) The “treasurer” of King Cyrus (Ezra 1:8). (2.) Ezra 4:7, a Persian officer in Samaria.
[mith-ri-deyt] /ˈmɪθ rɪˌdeɪt/ noun, Old Pharmacology. 1. a confection believed to contain an antidote to every poison. /ˈmɪθrɪˌdeɪt/ noun 1. (obsolete) a substance believed to be an antidote to every poison and a cure for every disease n. “antidote against poison,” from Medieval Latin mithridatum, from Late Latin mithridatium, neuter of Mithridatius “pertaining to Mithridates,” […]
[mith-ri-dey-tiz-uh m] /ˈmɪθ rɪˌdeɪ tɪz əm/ noun 1. the production of immunity against the action of a poison by taking the poison in gradually increased doses. /ˈmɪθrɪdeɪˌtɪzəm/ noun 1. immunity to large doses of poison by prior ingestion of gradually increased doses mithridatism mith·ri·da·tism (mĭth’rĭ-dā’tĭz’əm) n. Tolerance or immunity to a poison acquired by taking […]
- Mithridates VI
[mith-ri-dey-teez] /ˌmɪθ rɪˈdeɪ tiz/ noun 1. (“the Great”) 132?–63 b.c, king of Pontus 120–63. /ˌmɪθrɪˈdeɪtiːz/ noun 1. called the Great. ?132–63 bc, king of Pontus (?120–63). He waged three wars against Rome (88–84; 83–81; 74–64) and was finally defeated by Pompey: committed suicide