(in Christianity) a man who has withdrawn from the world for religious reasons, especially as a member of an order of cenobites living according to a particular rule and under vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience.
(in any religion) a man who is a member of a monastic order:
a Buddhist monk.
Printing. a dark area on a printed page caused by uneven inking of the plate or type.
Compare (def 2).
a male member of a religious community bound by vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience related adjective monastic
(sometimes capital) a fancy pigeon having a bald pate and often large feathered feet
Thelonious (Sphere) (θəˈləʊnɪəs). 1920–82, US jazz pianist and composer
a variant spelling of (George) Monck
Old English munuc “monk” (used also of women), from Proto-Germanic *muniko- (cf. Old Frisian munek, Middle Dutch monic, Old High German munih, Ger. Mönch), an early borrowing from Vulgar Latin *monicus (source of French moine, Spanish monje, Italian monaco), from Late Latin monachus “monk,” originally “religious hermit,” from Ecclesiastical Greek monakhos “monk,” noun use of a classical Greek adjective meaning “solitary,” from monos “alone” (see mono-). For substitution of -o- for -u-, see come.
In England, before the Reformation, the term was not applied to the members of the mendicant orders, who were always called friars. From the 16th c. to the 19th c., however, it was usual to speak of the friars as a class of monks. In recent times the distinction between the terms has been carefully observed by well-informed writers. In French and Ger. the equivalent of monk is applied equally to ‘monks’ and ‘friars.’ [OED]
Men under religious vows who live in a community and whose work is usually centered on their community, which is called a monastery. Buddhism and Christianity have notable groups of monks. In Christianity, the monks are members of religious orders.
noun 1. a small, dark brown, subtropical seal of the genus Monachus: the three species, M. tropicalis of the Caribbean, M. schauinslandi of Hawaiian island regions, and M. monachus of the Mediterranean, are endangered.
[muhngks-hoo d] /ˈmʌŋksˌhʊd/ noun 1. a plant belonging to the genus Aconitum, of the buttercup family, especially A. napellus, the flowers of which have a large, hood-shaped sepal. /ˈmʌŋkshʊd/ noun 1. any of several poisonous N temperate plants of the ranunculaceous genus Aconitum, esp A. napellus, that have hooded blue-purple flowers n. also monk’s-hood, 1570s, […]
[mon-muh th] /ˈmɒn məθ/ noun 1. James Scott, Duke of, 1649–85, illegitimate son of Charles II of England and pretender to the throne of James II. 2. a city in W Illinois. 3. . 4. former name of . /ˈmɒnməθ/ noun 1. a market town in E Wales, in Monmouthshire: Norman castle, where Henry V […]
[mon-muh th-sheer, -sher] /ˈmɒn məθˌʃɪər, -ʃər/ noun 1. a historic county in E Wales, now part of Gwent, Mid Glamorgan, and South Glamorgan. /ˈmɒnməθˌʃɪə; -ʃə/ noun 1. a county of E Wales: administratively part of England for three centuries (until 1830); mainly absorbed into the county of Gwent in 1974; reinstated with reduced boundaries in […]