Mufti



[muhf-tee] /ˈmʌf ti/

noun, plural muftis.
1.
civilian clothes, in contrast with military or other uniforms, or as worn by a person who usually wears a uniform.
2.
a Muslim jurist expert in the religious law.
3.
(in the Ottoman Empire) a deputy of the chief Muslim legal adviser to the Sultan.
4.
(initial capital letter) .
/ˈmʌftɪ/
noun (pl) -tis
1.
a Muslim legal expert and adviser on the law of the Koran
2.
(in the former Ottoman empire) the leader of the religious community
/ˈmʌftɪ/
noun (pl) -tis
1.
civilian dress, esp as worn by a person who normally wears a military uniform
n.

1580s, muphtie “official head of the state religion in Turkey,” from Arabic mufti “judge,” active participle of afta “to give,” conjugated form of fata “he gave a (legal) decision” (cf. fatwa). Sense of “ordinary clothes (not in uniform)” is from 1816, of unknown origin, perhaps from mufti’s costume of robes and slippers in stage plays, which was felt to resemble plain clothes.

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