[dis-uh-plin] /ˈdɪs ə plɪn/
training to act in accordance with rules; drill:
activity, exercise, or a regimen that develops or improves a skill; training:
A daily stint at the typewriter is excellent discipline for a writer.
punishment inflicted by way of correction and training.
the rigor or training effect of experience, adversity, etc.:
the harsh discipline of poverty.
behavior in accord with rules of conduct; behavior and order maintained by training and control:
good discipline in an army.
a set or system of rules and regulations.
Ecclesiastical. the system of government regulating the practice of a church as distinguished from its doctrine.
an instrument of punishment, especially a whip or scourge, used in the practice of self-mortification or as an instrument of chastisement in certain religious communities.
a branch of instruction or learning:
the disciplines of history and economics.
verb (used with object), disciplined, disciplining.
to train by instruction and exercise; drill.
to bring to a state of order and obedience by training and control.
to punish or penalize in order to train and control; correct; chastise.
training or conditions imposed for the improvement of physical powers, self-control, etc
systematic training in obedience to regulations and authority
the state of improved behaviour, etc, resulting from such training or conditions
punishment or chastisement
a system of rules for behaviour, methods of practice, etc
a branch of learning or instruction
the laws governing members of a Church
a scourge of knotted cords
to improve or attempt to improve the behaviour, orderliness, etc, of by training, conditions, or rules
to punish or correct
early 13c., “penitential chastisement; punishment,” from Old French descepline (11c.) “discipline, physical punishment; teaching; suffering; martyrdom,” and directly from Latin disciplina “instruction given, teaching, learning, knowledge,” also “object of instruction, knowledge, science, military discipline,” from discipulus (see disciple (n.)).
Sense of “treatment that corrects or punishes” is from notion of “order necessary for instruction.” The Latin word is glossed in Old English by þeodscipe. Meaning “branch of instruction or education” is first recorded late 14c. Meaning “military training” is from late 15c.; that of “orderly conduct as a result of training” is from c.1500.
c.1300; see discipline (n.). Related: Disciplined; disciplines; disciplining.
[muhl-tee-dis-uh-pluh-ner-ee, muhl-tahy-] /ˌmʌl tiˈdɪs ə pləˌnɛr i, ˌmʌl taɪ-/ adjective 1. composed of or combining several usually separate branches of learning or fields of expertise: a multidisciplinary study of the 18th century. /ˌmʌltɪˈdɪsɪˌplɪnərɪ/ adjective 1. of or relating to the study of one topic, involving several subject disciplines adj. also multi-disciplinary, 1949, from multi- + […]
[muhl-tee-eth-nik, muhl-tahy-] /ˌmʌl tiˈɛθ nɪk, ˌmʌl taɪ-/ adjective 1. involving or pertaining to two or more distinct groups. /ˌmʌltɪˈɛθnɪk/ adjective 1. consisting of, relating to, or designed for various different races
[feyst] /feɪst/ adjective 1. having a specified kind of or number of (usually used in combination): a sweet-faced child; the two-faced god. adjective shit-faced (1960s+) Related Terms poker-faced, red-faced
[my-looz] /müˈluz/ noun 1. a city in E France, near the Rhine. /French myluz/ noun 1. a city in E France, on the Rhône-Rhine canal: under German rule (1871–1918); textiles. Pop: 110 359 (1999) German name Mühlhausen