a small, hard seed, especially the seed of a food plant such as wheat, corn, rye, oats, rice, or millet.
the gathered seed of food plants, especially of cereal plants.
such plants collectively.
any small, hard particle, as of sand, gold, pepper, or gunpowder.
the smallest unit of weight in most systems, originally determined by the weight of a plump grain of wheat. In the U.S. and British systems, as in avoirdupois, troy, and apothecaries’ weights, the grain is identical. In an avoirdupois ounce there are 437.5 grains; in the troy and apothecaries’ ounces there are 480 grains (one grain equals 0.0648 gram).
the smallest possible amount of anything:
a grain of truth.
the arrangement or direction of fibers in wood, or the pattern resulting from this.
the direction in which the fibers of a piece of dressed wood, as a board, rise to the surface:
You should work with or across the grain, but never against.
the side of leather from which the hair has been removed.
a stamped pattern that imitates the natural grain of leather: used either on leather to simulate a different type of natural leather, or on coated cloth.
the lamination or cleavage of stone, coal, etc.
Metallurgy. any of the individual crystalline particles forming a metal.
Jewelry. a unit of weight equal to 50 milligrams or ¼ carat, used for pearls and sometimes for diamonds.
the size of constituent particles of any substance; texture:
sugar of fine grain.
a granular texture or appearance:
a stone of coarse grain.
a state of crystallization:
boiled to the grain.
temper or natural character:
two brothers of similar grain.
Rocketry. a unit of solid propellant.
Obsolete. color or hue.
verb (used with object)
to form into grains; granulate.
to give a granular appearance to.
to paint in imitation of the grain of wood, stone, etc.:
metal doors grained to resemble oak.
to feed grain to (an animal).
against the / one’s grain, in opposition to one’s temper, inclination, or character:
Haggling always went against her grain.
with a grain of salt. 1 (def 24).
the small hard seedlike fruit of a grass, esp a cereal plant
a mass of such fruits, esp when gathered for food
the plants, collectively, from which such fruits are harvested
a small hard particle: a grain of sand
the relative size of the particles of a substance: sugar of fine grain
a surface artificially imitating the grain of wood, leather, stone, etc; graining
the smallest unit of weight in the avoirdupois, Troy, and apothecaries’ systems, based on the average weight of a grain of wheat: in the avoirdupois system it equals 1/7000 of a pound, and in the Troy and apothecaries’ systems it equals 1/5760 of a pound. 1 grain is equal to 0.0648 gram gr
Also called metric grain. a metric unit of weight used for pearls or diamonds, equal to 50 milligrams or one quarter of a carat
the threads or direction of threads in a woven fabric
(photog) any of a large number of particles in a photographic emulsion, the size of which limit the extent to which an image can be enlarged without serious loss of definition
(television) a granular effect in a television picture caused by electrical noise
cleavage lines in crystalline material, parallel to growth planes
(chem) any of a large number of small crystals forming a polycrystalline solid, each having a regular array of atoms that differs in orientation from that of the surrounding crystallites
a state of crystallization: to boil syrup to the grain
a very small amount: a grain of truth
natural disposition, inclination, or character (esp in the phrase go against the grain)
(astronautics) a homogenous mass of solid propellant in a form designed to give the required combustion characteristics for a particular rocket
(not in technical usage) kermes or a red dye made from this insect
(dyeing) an obsolete word for colour
with a grain of salt, with a pinch of salt, without wholly believing: sceptically
verb (mainly transitive)
(also intransitive) to form grains or cause to form into grains; granulate; crystallize
to give a granular or roughened appearance or texture to
to paint, stain, etc, in imitation of the grain of wood or leather
early 13c., “scarlet dye made from insects” (late 12c. in surnames), from Old French grain (12c.) “seed, grain, particle, berry, scarlet dye” (see kermes for last sense), from Latin granum “seed, a grain, small kernel” (see corn (n.1)).
As a collective singular meaning “seed of wheat and allied grasses used as food,” it is attested from early 14c. Extended from c.1300 to other objects (e.g. salt, sand). As a unit of weight, from 1540s. Used of wood (1560s), from the arrangement of fibers, which resemble seeds. Hence, against the grain (1650), a metaphor from carpentry: cutting across the fibers of the wood is more difficult than cutting along them.
Marijuana; grass, pot: You been smoking too much grain. You head is juiced (1980s+ Narcotics)
used, in Amos 9:9, of a small stone or kernel; in Matt. 13:31, of an individual seed of mustard; in John 12:24, 1 Cor. 15:37, of wheat. The Hebrews sowed only wheat, barley, and spelt; rye and oats are not mentioned in Scripture.
[muhl-ti-graf, -grahf] /ˈmʌl tɪˌgræf, -ˌgrɑf/ Trademark. 1. a brand name for a rotary typesetting and printing machine, commonly used in making many copies of written matter. verb (used with or without object) 2. (lowercase) to print with such a machine.
[muhl-ti-grav-i-duh] /ˌmʌl tɪˈgræv ɪ də/ noun, plural multigravidas, multigravidae [muhl-ti-grav-i-dee] /ˌmʌl tɪˈgræv ɪˌdi/ (Show IPA). Obstetrics. 1. a pregnant woman who has been pregnant two or more times. /ˌmʌltɪˈɡrævɪdə/ noun 1. a woman who is pregnant for at least the third time Compare multipara multigravida mul·ti·grav·i·da (mŭl’tĭ-grāv’ĭ-də) n. A pregnant woman with one or more […]
/ˈmʌltɪˌdʒɪm/ noun 1. an exercise apparatus incorporating a variety of weights, used for toning the muscles noun See multi-gym
noun a piece of equipment on which one can do exercises for most muscles of the body; also written multi gym , multigym