Municipal



[myoo-nis-uh-puh l] /myuˈnɪs ə pəl/

adjective
1.
of or relating to a town or city or its local government:
municipal elections.
2.
Archaic. pertaining to the internal affairs of a state or nation rather than to international affairs.
noun
3.
a .
/mjuːˈnɪsɪpəl/
adjective
1.
of or relating to a town, city, or borough or its local government
adj.

1540s, from Middle French municipal, from Latin municipalis “of a citizen of a free town, of a free town,” also “of a petty town, provincial,” from municipium “free town, city whose citizens have the privileges of Roman citizens but are governed by their own laws,” from municeps “citizen, inhabitant of a free town.” Second element is root of capere “assume, take” (see capable). First element is from munus (plural munia) “service performed for the community, duty, work,” also “public spectacle paid for by the magistrate, (gladiatorial) entertainment, gift,” from Old Latin moenus “service, duty, burden,” from PIE *moi-n-es-, generally taken as a suffixed form of root *mei- “to change, go, move” (Watkins; see mutable); but Tucker says “more probably” from the other PIE root *mei- meaning “bind,” so that munia = “obligations” and communis = “bound together.”

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  • Municipal-bond

    noun 1. a bond issued by a state, county, city, or town, or by a state authority or agency to finance projects.

  • Municipal-bond-fund

    noun 1. a mutual fund that invests in municipal bonds.



  • Municipal-corporation

    noun 1. a city, town, village, etc., that operates under a corporate charter granted by the state.

  • Municipal-court

    noun 1. a court whose jurisdiction is confined to a city or municipality, with criminal jurisdiction usually corresponding to that of a police court and civil jurisdiction over small causes.



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