[naf-thuh, nap-] /ˈnæf θə, ˈnæp-/
a colorless, volatile distillate, usually an intermediate product between gasoline and benzine, used as a solvent, fuel, etc.
any of various similar liquids distilled from other products.
a distillation product from coal tar boiling in the approximate range 80–170°C and containing aromatic hydrocarbons
a distillation product from petroleum boiling in the approximate range 100–200°C and containing aliphatic hydrocarbons: used as a solvent and in petrol
an obsolete name for petroleum
inflammable liquid distilled from petroleum, 1570s, from Latin, from Greek naphtha “bitumen,” perhaps from Persian neft “pitch,” or Aramaic naphta, nephta, but these could as well be from Greek. In Middle English as napte (late 14c.), from Old French napte, but the modern word is a re-introduction.
naphtha naph·tha (nāf’thə, nāp’-)
Any of several highly volatile, flammable liquid mixtures of hydrocarbons distilled from petroleum, coal tar, or natural gas and used as solvents and in making various chemicals.
Any of several liquid mixtures of hydrocarbons made by refining petroleum or by breaking down coal tar. Naphtha is usually flammable, and is used as a solvent and as an ingredient in gasoline. It is also used to make plastics.
[naf-thuh-seen, nap-] /ˈnæf θəˌsin, ˈnæp-/ noun, Chemistry. 1. an explosive solid compound, C 1 8 H 1 2 , derived from anthracene and coal tar: used for detonating high explosives, as TNT.
[naf-thuh-leen, nap-] /ˈnæf θəˌlin, ˈnæp-/ noun, Chemistry. 1. a white, crystalline, water-insoluble hydrocarbon, C 1 0 H 8 , usually obtained from coal tar: used in making dyes, as a moth repellant, etc. /ˈnæfθəˌliːn; ˈnæp-/ noun 1. a white crystalline volatile solid with a characteristic penetrating odour: an aromatic hydrocarbon used in mothballs and in […]
[naf-thuh-lahyz, nap-] /ˈnæf θəˌlaɪz, ˈnæp-/ verb (used with object), naphthalized, naphthalizing. 1. to mix or saturate with naphtha.
[naf-theen, nap-] /ˈnæf θin, ˈnæp-/ noun, Chemistry. 1. any of a group of hydrocarbon ring compounds of the general formula, C n H 2n , derivatives of cyclopentane and cyclohexane, found in certain petroleums. /ˈnæfθiːn; ˈnæp-/ noun 1. any of a class of cycloalkanes, mainly derivatives of cyclopentane, found in petroleum naphthene (nāf’thēn’, nāp’-) See […]