[ney-cher] /ˈneɪ tʃər/
the material world, especially as surrounding humankind and existing independently of human activities.
the world as it exists without human beings or civilization:
In nature, wild dogs hunt in packs.
the elements of the natural world, as mountains, trees, animals, or rivers:
The abandoned power plant was reclaimed by nature, covered in overgrowth and home to feral animals.
Tourists at the resort are surrounded by nature.
the universe, with all its phenomena:
Conservation of energy is a universal law of nature.
the sum total of the forces at work throughout the universe.
reality, as distinguished from any effect of art:
a portrait true to nature.
the particular combination of qualities belonging to a person, animal, thing, or class by birth, origin, or constitution; native or inherent character:
the instincts or inherent tendencies directing conduct:
a man of good nature.
character, kind, or sort:
two books of the same nature.
characteristic disposition; temperament:
a self-willed nature; an evil nature.
the original, natural, uncivilized condition of humankind.
the biological functions or the urges to satisfy their requirements.
a primitive, wild condition; an uncultivated state.
a simple, uncluttered mode of life without the conveniences or distractions of civilization:
a return to nature.
(initial capital letter, italics) a prose work (1836), by Ralph Waldo Emerson, expounding transcendentalism.
Theology. the moral state as unaffected by grace.
by nature, as a result of inborn or inherent qualities; innately:
She is by nature a kindhearted person.
in a state of nature,
of / in the nature of, having the character or qualities of:
in the nature of an apology.
the fundamental qualities of a person or thing; identity or essential character
(often capital, esp when personified) the whole system of the existence, arrangement, forces, and events of all physical life that are not controlled by man
all natural phenomena and plant and animal life, as distinct from man and his creations
a wild primitive state untouched by man or civilization
natural unspoilt scenery or countryside
disposition or temperament
tendencies, desires, or instincts governing behaviour
the normal biological needs or urges of the body
sort; kind; character
the real appearance of a person or thing: a painting very true to nature
accepted standards of basic morality or behaviour
(biology) the complement of genetic material that partly determines the structure of an organism; genotype Compare nurture (sense 3)
(Irish) sympathy and fondness for one’s own people or native place: she is full of nature
against nature, unnatural or immoral
by nature, essentially or innately
(informal, euphemistic or jocular) call of nature, the need to urinate or defecate
from nature, using natural models in drawing, painting, etc
in the nature of, of the nature of, essentially the same as; by way of
late 13c., “restorative powers of the body, bodily processes; powers of growth;” from Old French nature “nature, being, principle of life; character, essence,” from Latin natura “course of things; natural character, constitution, quality; the universe,” literally “birth,” from natus “born,” past participle of nasci “to be born,” from PIE *gene- “to give birth, beget” (see genus).
From late 14c. as “creation, the universe;” also “heredity, birth, hereditary circumstance; essential qualities, innate disposition” (e.g. human nature); “nature personified, Mother Nature.” Specifically as “material world beyond human civilization or society” from 1660s. Nature and nurture have been contrasted since 1874.
Nature should be avoided in such vague expressions as ‘a lover of nature,’ ‘poems about nature.’ Unless more specific statements follow, the reader cannot tell whether the poems have to do with natural scenery, rural life, the sunset, the untouched wilderness, or the habits of squirrels.” [Strunk & White, “The Elements of Style,” 3rd ed., 1979]
- Nature-nurture controversy
A traditional and long-standing disagreement over whether heredity or environment is more important in the development of living things, especially human beings.
- Nature preserve
noun a piece of land protected and managed to preserve its flora and fauna; also called nature reserve
- Nature park
noun See nature preserve
- Nature reserve
noun 1. an area of land that is protected and managed in order to preserve a particular type of habitat and its flora and fauna which are often rare or endangered noun See nature preserve