adverb, nearer, nearest.
close; to a point or place not far away:
Come near so I won’t have to shout.
at, within, or to a short distance.
close in time:
The New Year draws near.
close in relation; closely with respect to connection, similarity, intimacy, etc. (often used in combination):
a near-standing position.
all but; almost; :
a period of near 30 years.
Nautical. close to the wind.
Archaic. in a thrifty or stingy manner.
adjective, nearer, nearest.
being close by; not distant:
the near fields.
being the lesser in distance:
the near side.
short or direct:
the near road.
close in time:
the near future.
closely related or connected:
our nearest relatives.
close to an original:
a near translation.
closely affecting one’s interests or feelings:
a matter of near consequence to one.
intimate or familiar:
a near friend.
narrow or close:
a near escape.
thrifty or stingy:
near with one’s pocketbook.
(of two draft animals hitched together) being on the driver’s left (as opposed to off):
The near horse is going lame.
at, to, or within a short distance, or no great distance, from or of:
regions near the equator.
close to in time:
near the beginning of the year.
close to a condition or state:
He is near death.
verb (used with or without object)
to come or draw near; approach:
The boat neared the dock. Storm clouds neared.
near at hand,
at or to a place or time not far away from; close to
at or to a place or time not far away; close by
near to, not far from; near
short for nearly I was damn near killed
at or in a place not far away
(postpositive) not far away in time; imminent: departure time was near
(prenominal) only just successful or only just failing: a near escape
(postpositive) (informal) miserly, mean
(prenominal) closely connected or intimate: a near relation
to come or draw close (to)
Also called nearside
Old English near “closer, nearer,” comparative of neah, neh”nigh.” Influenced by Old Norse naer “near,” it came to be used as a positive form mid-13c., and new comparative nearer developed 1500s (see nigh). As an adjective from c.1300. Originally an adverb but now supplanted in most such senses by nearly; it has in turn supplanted correct nigh as an adjective. Related: Nearness. In near and dear (1620s) it refers to nearness of kinship. Near East first attested 1891, in Kipling. Near beer “low-alcoholic brew” is from 1908.
“to draw near,” 1510s, from near (adv.). Related: Neared; nearing.
- Nearest and dearest
One’s closest and fondest friends, companions, or relatives, as in It’s a small gathering—we’re inviting only a dozen or so of our nearest and dearest. This rhyming expression has been used ironically since the late 1500s, as well as by Shakespeare in 1 Henry IV (3:2): “Why, Harry, do I tell thee of my foes, […]
noun 1. a short-range wireless communication system that uses radio waves to enable a phone or other mobile device to interact with another device or card reader: Near Field Communication essentially lets your phone replace your credit cards. Abbreviation: NFC.
- Near gale
noun 1. (meteorol) a wind of force seven on the Beaufort scale or from 32–38 mph
- Near-infrared radiation
[neer-in-fruh-red] /nɪərˌɪn frəˈrɛd/ noun 1. the shorter wavelengths of electromagnetic radiation in the infrared region of the spectrum, extending from about 0.75 to 2.5 micrometers, usually radiation reflected from plant materials.