Nebula



[neb-yuh-luh] /ˈnɛb yə lə/

noun, plural nebulae
[neb-yuh-lee, -lahy] /ˈnɛb yəˌli, -ˌlaɪ/ (Show IPA), nebulas.
1.
Astronomy.

2.
Pathology.

3.
any liquid medication prepared for use as a spray.
/ˈnɛbjʊlə/
noun (pl) -lae (-ˌliː), -las
1.
(astronomy) a diffuse cloud of particles and gases (mainly hydrogen) that is visible either as a hazy patch of light (either an emission or a reflection nebula) or an irregular dark region against a brighter background (dark nebula) Compare planetary nebula
2.
(pathol)

3.
any substance for use in an atomizer spray
n.

early 15c., nebule “a cloud, mist,” from Latin nebula “mist, vapor, fog, smoke, exhalation,” figuratively “darkness, obscurity,” from PIE *nebh- “cloud” (cf. Sanskrit nabhas- “vapor, cloud, mists, fog, sky;” Greek nephele, nephos “cloud;” German nebel “fog;” Old English nifol “dark, gloomy;” Welsh niwl “cloud, fog;” Slavic nebo).

Re-borrowed from Latin 1660s in sense of “cataracts in the eye;” astronomical meaning “cloud-like patch in the night sky” first recorded c.1730. As early as Hershel (1802) astronomers realized that some nebulae were star clusters, but certain distinction of relatively nearby cosmic gas clouds from distant galaxies was not made until 1920s, using the new 100-inch Mt. Wilson telescope.

nebula neb·u·la (něb’yə-lə)
n. pl. neb·u·las or neb·u·lae (-lē’)

nebula
(něb’yə-lə)
Plural nebulae (něb’yə-lē’) or nebulas
A visible, thinly spread cloud of interstellar gas and dust. Some nebulae are the remnants of a supernova explosion, others are gravity-induced condensations of the gases in the interstellar medium which in certain cases may become a site for the formation of new stars. The term was formerly used of any hazy, seemingly cloudlike object, including what are now recognized as other galaxies beyond the Milky Way; it is restricted now to actual clouds of gas and dust within our own galaxy. ◇ Nebulae are generally classified as bright or dark. Among the bright nebulae are cold clouds that reflect light from nearby stars (reflection nebulae) and hot, ionized clouds that glow with their own light (emission nebulae). Dark nebulae—cold clouds that absorb the passing light from background stars—are called absorption nebulae. See more at star.
nebula [(neb-yuh-luh)]

plur. nebulae

In astronomy, a hazy patch of light visible in the sky. Some nebulae are clouds of gas within the Milky Way; others are distant galaxies. (See photo, next page.)

An early business-oriented language from ICL for the Ferranti Orion computer.
[“NEBULA – A Programming Language for Data Processing”, T.G. Braunholtz et al, Computer J 4(3):197-201 (1961)].
(1994-11-29)

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