Nephew



[nef-yoo or, esp. British, nev-yoo] /ˈnɛf yu or, esp. British, ˈnɛv yu/

noun
1.
a son of one’s brother or sister.
2.
a son of one’s spouse’s brother or sister.
3.
an illegitimate son of a clergyman who has vowed celibacy (used as a euphemism).
4.
Obsolete. a direct descendant, especially a grandson.
5.
Obsolete. a remote male descendant, as a or cousin.
/ˈnɛvjuː; ˈnɛf-/
noun
1.
a son of one’s sister or brother
n.

c.1300, from Old French neveu (Old North French nevu) “grandson, descendant,” from Latin nepotem (nominative nepos) “sister’s son, grandson, descendant,” in post-Augustan Latin, “nephew,” from PIE *nepot- “grandchild,” and in a general sense, “male descendant other than son” (cf. Sanskrit napat “grandson, descendant;” Old Persian napat- “grandson;” Old Lithuanian nepuotis “grandson;” Dutch neef; German Neffe “nephew;” Old Irish nia, genitive niath “son of a sister,” Welsh nei). Used in English in all the classical senses until meaning narrowed in 17c., and also as a euphemism for “the illegitimate son of an ecclesiastic” (1580s). The Old English cognate, nefa “nephew, stepson, grandson, second cousin” survived to 16c.

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