[nuh-frahy-tis] /nəˈfraɪ tɪs/
inflammation of the kidneys, especially in Bright’s disease.
inflammation of a kidney
1570s, from Late Latin nephritis, from Greek nephritis “disease of the kidneys,” from nephros “kidney” (see nephron) + -itis “inflammation.” Related: Nephritic.
nephritis ne·phri·tis (nə-frī’tĭs)
n. pl. ne·phri·tis·es or ne·phrit·i·des (-frĭt’ĭ-dēz’)
Acute or chronic inflammation of the kidneys.
Inflammation of the kidneys.
- Nephritic syndrome
nephritic syndrome n. A syndrome comprising the clinical symptoms of nephritis, hematuria, hypertension, and renal failure.
nephritogenic neph·ri·to·gen·ic (něf’rĭ-tə-jěn’ĭk, nə-frĭt’ə-) adj. Causing nephritis.
1. a combining form meaning “kidney,” used in the formation of compound words: nephrolith. combining form 1. kidney or kidneys: nephrotomy before vowels nephr-, word-forming element meaning “kidney, kidneys,” from nephro-, comb. form of Greek nephros “kidney” (see nephron). nephro- or nephr- pref. Kidney; kidneylike structure: nephrotomy.
nephrocalcinosis neph·ro·cal·ci·no·sis (něf’rō-kāl’sə-nō’sĭs) n. Renal lithiasis characterized by diffusely scattered foci of calcification in the kidneys.