Nitration



[noun nahy-treyt, -trit; verb nahy-treyt] /noun ˈnaɪ treɪt, -trɪt; verb ˈnaɪ treɪt/

noun
1.
Chemistry. a salt or ester of , or any compound containing the univalent group –ONO 2 or NO 3 .
2.
fertilizer consisting of or .
3.
, a substance used as a film base in the early days of filmmaking.
4.
Informal. .
verb (used with object), nitrated, nitrating.
5.
to treat with or a nitrate.
6.
to convert into a nitrate.
/ˈnaɪtreɪt/
noun
1.
any salt or ester of nitric acid, such as sodium nitrate, NaNO3
2.
a fertilizer consisting of or containing nitrate salts
verb
3.
(transitive) to treat with nitric acid or a nitrate
4.
to convert or be converted into a nitrate
5.
to undergo or cause to undergo the chemical process in which a nitro group is introduced into a molecule
n.

1794, from French nitrate (1787) or formed in English from nitre + -ate (3). Related: Nitrates.

nitrate ni·trate (nī’trāt’, -trĭt)
n.

v. ni·trat·ed, ni·trat·ing, ni·trates
To treat with nitric acid or a nitrate, usually to change an organic compound into a nitrate.
nitrate
(nī’trāt’)
A salt or ester of nitric acid, containing the group NO3. Nitrates dissolve extremely easily in water and are an important component of the nitrogen cycle. Compare nitrite.

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