verb (used with object), cited, citing.
to quote (a passage, book, author, etc.), especially as an authority:
He cited the Constitution in his defense.
to mention in support, proof, or confirmation; refer to as an example:
He cited many instances of abuse of power.
to summon officially or authoritatively to appear in court.
to call to mind; recall:
citing my gratitude to him.
Military. to mention (a soldier, unit, etc.) in orders, as for gallantry.
to commend, as for outstanding service, hard work, or devotion to duty.
to summon or call; rouse to action.
to quote or refer to (a passage, book, or author) in substantiation as an authority, proof, or example
to mention or commend (a soldier, etc) for outstanding bravery or meritorious action
to summon to appear before a court of law
to enumerate: he cited the king’s virtues
mid-15c., “to summon,” from Old French citer “to summon” (14c.), from Latin citare “to summon, urge, call; put in sudden motion, call forward; rouse, excite,” frequentative of ciere “to move, set in motion, stir, rouse, call, invite” from PIE root *keie- “to set in motion, to move to and fro” (cf. Sanskrit cyavate “stirs himself, goes;” Greek kinein “to move, set in motion; change, stir up,” kinymai “move myself;” Gothic haitan “call, be called;” Old English hatan “command, call”). Sense of “calling forth a passage of writing” is first attested 1530s. Related: Cited; citing.
[sit-uh-zuh n, -suh n] /ˈsɪt ə zən, -sən/ noun 1. a native or naturalized member of a state or nation who owes allegiance to its government and is entitled to its protection (distinguished from ). 2. an inhabitant of a city or town, especially one entitled to its privileges or franchises. 3. an inhabitant, or […]
[si-vil-yuh n] /sɪˈvɪl yən/ noun 1. a person who is not on active duty with a military, naval, police, or fire fighting organization. 2. Informal. anyone regarded by members of a profession, interest group, society, etc., as not belonging; nonprofessional; outsider: We need a producer to run the movie studio, not some civilian from the […]
[kleym] /kleɪm/ verb (used with object) 1. to demand by or as by virtue of a right; demand as a right or as due: to claim an estate by inheritance. 2. to assert and demand the recognition of (a right, title, possession, etc.); assert one’s right to: to claim payment for services. 3. to assert […]
[non-klas-i-kuh l] /nɒnˈklæs ɪ kəl/ adjective 1. not or contrary to precepts. 2. Physics. pertaining to a law, theory, or observation that cannot be expressed or understood in terms of Newtonian physics.